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Intake of fruits and vegetables in relation to 10-year weight gain among Spanish adults.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Despite the alarming increase in the prevalence of obesity, epidemiologic studies that prospectively examine the fruit and vegetable consumption and other lifestyle factors in relation to weight gain (WG) are still insufficient. We explored the associations between fruit and vegetable intake and WG over a 10-year period in an adult Mediterranean population.

METHODS AND PROCEDURES

We performed a 10-year follow-up study with healthy participants (n = 206) aged 15-80 years at baseline in 1994, who participated in a nutrition survey in Valencia, Spain. Data on diet, lifestyle factors, and body weight were obtained in 1994 and 2004 using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and direct measurements.

RESULTS

The average WG over the study period was 3.41 (s.d. 6.9) kg. In multivariate analyses, participants in the third quartile of fruit intake at baseline in 1994 had lower risk of WG> or =3.41 kg compared to those in the lowest quartile (oddsratio (OR) = 0.31, 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.11-0.85; P trend = 0.044). Regarding vegetable intake, the risk of WG was lowest in participants of the fourth quartile (>333 g/day), which had an 84% reduced risk of gaining 3.41 kg weight (OR = 0.18, 95% CI, 0.05-0.66; P trend = 0.017). When the intake of fruits and vegetables was combined, the risk of WG decreased across quartiles, with the lowest risk among those in the fourth quartile (OR = 0.22, 95% CI, 0.06-0.81; P trend = 0.022). Further adjustment for an increased intake of fruits and vegetables over the past 10 years reported by participants in 2004 did not appreciably alter the observed ORs.

DISCUSSION

Dietary patterns associated with a high intake of fruits and vegetables in Mediterranean populations may reduce long-term risk of subsequent WG and obesity among adults.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Departamento Salud Pública, Historia de la Ciencia y Ginecología, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Elche-Alicante, Alicante, Spain. vioque@umh.es

    , , ,

    Source

    Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) 16:3 2008 Mar pg 664-70

    MeSH

    Adult
    Diet, Mediterranean
    Female
    Follow-Up Studies
    Fruit
    Health Behavior
    Humans
    Life Style
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Nutrition Surveys
    Obesity
    Odds Ratio
    Overweight
    Risk Assessment
    Risk Factors
    Spain
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Time Factors
    Vegetables
    Weight Gain

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    18239583

    Citation

    Vioque, Jesus, et al. "Intake of Fruits and Vegetables in Relation to 10-year Weight Gain Among Spanish Adults." Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), vol. 16, no. 3, 2008, pp. 664-70.
    Vioque J, Weinbrenner T, Castelló A, et al. Intake of fruits and vegetables in relation to 10-year weight gain among Spanish adults. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008;16(3):664-70.
    Vioque, J., Weinbrenner, T., Castelló, A., Asensio, L., & Garcia de la Hera, M. (2008). Intake of fruits and vegetables in relation to 10-year weight gain among Spanish adults. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 16(3), pp. 664-70. doi:10.1038/oby.2007.121.
    Vioque J, et al. Intake of Fruits and Vegetables in Relation to 10-year Weight Gain Among Spanish Adults. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008;16(3):664-70. PubMed PMID: 18239583.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Intake of fruits and vegetables in relation to 10-year weight gain among Spanish adults. AU - Vioque,Jesus, AU - Weinbrenner,Tanja, AU - Castelló,Adela, AU - Asensio,Laura, AU - Garcia de la Hera,Manoli, Y1 - 2008/01/17/ PY - 2008/2/2/pubmed PY - 2008/5/23/medline PY - 2008/2/2/entrez SP - 664 EP - 70 JF - Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) JO - Obesity (Silver Spring) VL - 16 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Despite the alarming increase in the prevalence of obesity, epidemiologic studies that prospectively examine the fruit and vegetable consumption and other lifestyle factors in relation to weight gain (WG) are still insufficient. We explored the associations between fruit and vegetable intake and WG over a 10-year period in an adult Mediterranean population. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We performed a 10-year follow-up study with healthy participants (n = 206) aged 15-80 years at baseline in 1994, who participated in a nutrition survey in Valencia, Spain. Data on diet, lifestyle factors, and body weight were obtained in 1994 and 2004 using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and direct measurements. RESULTS: The average WG over the study period was 3.41 (s.d. 6.9) kg. In multivariate analyses, participants in the third quartile of fruit intake at baseline in 1994 had lower risk of WG> or =3.41 kg compared to those in the lowest quartile (oddsratio (OR) = 0.31, 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.11-0.85; P trend = 0.044). Regarding vegetable intake, the risk of WG was lowest in participants of the fourth quartile (>333 g/day), which had an 84% reduced risk of gaining 3.41 kg weight (OR = 0.18, 95% CI, 0.05-0.66; P trend = 0.017). When the intake of fruits and vegetables was combined, the risk of WG decreased across quartiles, with the lowest risk among those in the fourth quartile (OR = 0.22, 95% CI, 0.06-0.81; P trend = 0.022). Further adjustment for an increased intake of fruits and vegetables over the past 10 years reported by participants in 2004 did not appreciably alter the observed ORs. DISCUSSION: Dietary patterns associated with a high intake of fruits and vegetables in Mediterranean populations may reduce long-term risk of subsequent WG and obesity among adults. SN - 1930-7381 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18239583/Intake_of_fruits_and_vegetables_in_relation_to_10_year_weight_gain_among_Spanish_adults_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2007.121 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -