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Characteristics of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and past conduct disorder.
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2008 Apr; 117(4):299-305.AP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

DSM-IV Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) comorbid with DSM-IV conduct disorder (CD) in childhood/adolescence has been proposed as a 'distinct subtype'. The present study investigated subsequent psychopathological characteristics of this proposed subtype in adults.

METHOD

Questionnaires were completed by 71 adults (mean age 29.6 years) with ADHD and their informants.

RESULTS

The 39 subjects with a history of past CD, when compared with the remaining subjects, were associated with significantly increased ratings of aspects of ADHD-related impulsivity, with features of all three DSM-IV 'Clusters' of personality disorders (PDs) (in particular of 'Cluster B' PDs) and with other psychopathology. Also, there were significant correlations between the number of endorsed past CD criteria and various self-ratings of psychopathology.

CONCLUSION

The results indicate the psychopathological characteristics of adults with a history of the proposed 'ADHD with CD' subtype. The findings are relevant to future studies of ADHD subtypes in adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. jhd1000@cam.ac.uk

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18241309

Citation

Dowson, J H.. "Characteristics of Adults With Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder and Past Conduct Disorder." Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 117, no. 4, 2008, pp. 299-305.
Dowson JH. Characteristics of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and past conduct disorder. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2008;117(4):299-305.
Dowson, J. H. (2008). Characteristics of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and past conduct disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 117(4), 299-305. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2008.01153.x
Dowson JH. Characteristics of Adults With Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder and Past Conduct Disorder. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2008;117(4):299-305. PubMed PMID: 18241309.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characteristics of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and past conduct disorder. A1 - Dowson,J H, Y1 - 2008/01/28/ PY - 2008/2/5/pubmed PY - 2008/4/4/medline PY - 2008/2/5/entrez SP - 299 EP - 305 JF - Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica JO - Acta Psychiatr Scand VL - 117 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: DSM-IV Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) comorbid with DSM-IV conduct disorder (CD) in childhood/adolescence has been proposed as a 'distinct subtype'. The present study investigated subsequent psychopathological characteristics of this proposed subtype in adults. METHOD: Questionnaires were completed by 71 adults (mean age 29.6 years) with ADHD and their informants. RESULTS: The 39 subjects with a history of past CD, when compared with the remaining subjects, were associated with significantly increased ratings of aspects of ADHD-related impulsivity, with features of all three DSM-IV 'Clusters' of personality disorders (PDs) (in particular of 'Cluster B' PDs) and with other psychopathology. Also, there were significant correlations between the number of endorsed past CD criteria and various self-ratings of psychopathology. CONCLUSION: The results indicate the psychopathological characteristics of adults with a history of the proposed 'ADHD with CD' subtype. The findings are relevant to future studies of ADHD subtypes in adults. SN - 1600-0447 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18241309/Characteristics_of_adults_with_attention_deficit/hyperactivity_disorder_and_past_conduct_disorder_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2008.01153.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -