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The influence of caregiver singing and background music on vocally expressed emotions and moods in dementia care: a qualitative analysis.
Int J Nurs Stud. 2009 Apr; 46(4):422-30.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Music and singing are considered to have a strong impact on human emotions. Such an effect has been demonstrated in caregiving contexts with dementia patients.

OBJECTIVES

The aim of the study was to illuminate vocally expressed emotions and moods in the communication between caregivers and persons with severe dementia during morning care sessions.

DESIGN

Three types of caring sessions were compared: the "usual" way, with no music; with background music playing; and with the caregiver singing to and/or with the patient.

PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING

Nine persons with severe dementia living in a nursing home in Sweden and five professional caregivers participated in this study.

METHODS

Qualitative content analysis was used to examine videotaped recordings of morning care sessions, with a focus on vocally expressed emotions and moods during verbal communication.

RESULTS

Compared to no music, the presence of background music and caregiver singing improved the mutuality of the communication between caregiver and patient, creating a joint sense of vitality. Positive emotions were enhanced, and aggressiveness was diminished. Whereas background music increased the sense of playfulness, caregiver singing enhanced the sense of sincerity and intimacy in the interaction.

CONCLUSION

Caregiver singing and background music can help the caregiver improve the patient's ability to express positive emotions and moods, and to elicit a sense of vitality on the part of the person with severe dementia. The results further support the value of caregiver singing as a method to improve the quality of dementia care.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden. eva.gotell@mdh.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18241869

Citation

Götell, Eva, et al. "The Influence of Caregiver Singing and Background Music On Vocally Expressed Emotions and Moods in Dementia Care: a Qualitative Analysis." International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 46, no. 4, 2009, pp. 422-30.
Götell E, Brown S, Ekman SL. The influence of caregiver singing and background music on vocally expressed emotions and moods in dementia care: a qualitative analysis. Int J Nurs Stud. 2009;46(4):422-30.
Götell, E., Brown, S., & Ekman, S. L. (2009). The influence of caregiver singing and background music on vocally expressed emotions and moods in dementia care: a qualitative analysis. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46(4), 422-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2007.11.001
Götell E, Brown S, Ekman SL. The Influence of Caregiver Singing and Background Music On Vocally Expressed Emotions and Moods in Dementia Care: a Qualitative Analysis. Int J Nurs Stud. 2009;46(4):422-30. PubMed PMID: 18241869.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The influence of caregiver singing and background music on vocally expressed emotions and moods in dementia care: a qualitative analysis. AU - Götell,Eva, AU - Brown,Steven, AU - Ekman,Sirkka-Liisa, Y1 - 2008/02/01/ PY - 2007/08/21/received PY - 2007/10/23/revised PY - 2007/11/04/accepted PY - 2008/2/5/pubmed PY - 2009/7/3/medline PY - 2008/2/5/entrez SP - 422 EP - 30 JF - International journal of nursing studies JO - Int J Nurs Stud VL - 46 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Music and singing are considered to have a strong impact on human emotions. Such an effect has been demonstrated in caregiving contexts with dementia patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to illuminate vocally expressed emotions and moods in the communication between caregivers and persons with severe dementia during morning care sessions. DESIGN: Three types of caring sessions were compared: the "usual" way, with no music; with background music playing; and with the caregiver singing to and/or with the patient. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Nine persons with severe dementia living in a nursing home in Sweden and five professional caregivers participated in this study. METHODS: Qualitative content analysis was used to examine videotaped recordings of morning care sessions, with a focus on vocally expressed emotions and moods during verbal communication. RESULTS: Compared to no music, the presence of background music and caregiver singing improved the mutuality of the communication between caregiver and patient, creating a joint sense of vitality. Positive emotions were enhanced, and aggressiveness was diminished. Whereas background music increased the sense of playfulness, caregiver singing enhanced the sense of sincerity and intimacy in the interaction. CONCLUSION: Caregiver singing and background music can help the caregiver improve the patient's ability to express positive emotions and moods, and to elicit a sense of vitality on the part of the person with severe dementia. The results further support the value of caregiver singing as a method to improve the quality of dementia care. SN - 1873-491X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18241869/The_influence_of_caregiver_singing_and_background_music_on_vocally_expressed_emotions_and_moods_in_dementia_care:_a_qualitative_analysis_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0020-7489(07)00258-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -