Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Efficacy and safety of pregabalin in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy or postherpetic neuralgia: Open-label, non-comparative, flexible-dose study.

Abstract

We assessed the efficacy and safety of a flexible-dose pregabalin regimen in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) or postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) under clinical practice conditions. Further, the trial investigated the correlation of unspecific measures of change (patient and physician global impression of change, PGIC and CGIC) and specific measures of morbidity. The primary outcomes of this prospective, open-label, non-controlled study were the correlation between global status (PGIC and CGIC) and changes in pain, sleep, and anxiety scores as assessed on numerical or visual rating scales. A total of 217 outpatients were included in 53 centres. The most frequently used dosing regimen involved a starting dose of 150mg/d and dose escalation to 300mg/d after one week (mean: 301mg/d, administered in two doses). The significant changes on pain, sleep and anxiety scales (-40%, -43%, -42%) between baseline and study end after 4-week pregabalin treatment were paralleled by the changes in ratings in both the PGIC and CGIC. The correlation with both PGIC and CGIC was 0.60 for pain, 0.51 for sleep and 0.20 or 0.13 for the correlation of anxiety with PGIC and CGIC, respectively. All correlations with exception of the pair CGIC/anxiety reached statistical significance. In conclusion, pregabalin in a flexible-dose regimen improved pain, sleep, anxiety and general state, and was well tolerated. The efficacy and safety profile of pregabalin was consistent with the data from the controlled clinical trials. The PGIC and CGIC and the specific pain and sleep scores, but not the anxiety score were generally well correlated but not synonymous.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Division of Neurological Pain Research and Therapy, Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Schittenhelmstr. 10, D-24105 Kiel, Germany. r.baron@neurologie.uni-kiel.de

    , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Aged
    Anxiety
    Diabetic Neuropathies
    Dizziness
    Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
    Drug Administration Schedule
    Edema
    Fatigue
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Neuralgia
    Neuralgia, Postherpetic
    Pain Measurement
    Patient Satisfaction
    Pregabalin
    Prospective Studies
    Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
    Weight Gain
    gamma-Aminobutyric Acid

    Pub Type(s)

    Clinical Trial
    Journal Article
    Multicenter Study

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    18242109

    Citation

    Baron, Ralf, et al. "Efficacy and Safety of Pregabalin in Patients With Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy or Postherpetic Neuralgia: Open-label, Non-comparative, Flexible-dose Study." European Journal of Pain (London, England), vol. 12, no. 7, 2008, pp. 850-8.
    Baron R, Brunnmüller U, Brasser M, et al. Efficacy and safety of pregabalin in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy or postherpetic neuralgia: Open-label, non-comparative, flexible-dose study. Eur J Pain. 2008;12(7):850-8.
    Baron, R., Brunnmüller, U., Brasser, M., May, M., & Binder, A. (2008). Efficacy and safety of pregabalin in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy or postherpetic neuralgia: Open-label, non-comparative, flexible-dose study. European Journal of Pain (London, England), 12(7), pp. 850-8. doi:10.1016/j.ejpain.2007.12.004.
    Baron R, et al. Efficacy and Safety of Pregabalin in Patients With Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy or Postherpetic Neuralgia: Open-label, Non-comparative, Flexible-dose Study. Eur J Pain. 2008;12(7):850-8. PubMed PMID: 18242109.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Efficacy and safety of pregabalin in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy or postherpetic neuralgia: Open-label, non-comparative, flexible-dose study. AU - Baron,Ralf, AU - Brunnmüller,Ulrike, AU - Brasser,Matthias, AU - May,Michael, AU - Binder,Andreas, Y1 - 2008/01/31/ PY - 2007/05/11/received PY - 2007/10/17/revised PY - 2007/12/06/accepted PY - 2008/2/5/pubmed PY - 2008/11/11/medline PY - 2008/2/5/entrez SP - 850 EP - 8 JF - European journal of pain (London, England) JO - Eur J Pain VL - 12 IS - 7 N2 - We assessed the efficacy and safety of a flexible-dose pregabalin regimen in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) or postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) under clinical practice conditions. Further, the trial investigated the correlation of unspecific measures of change (patient and physician global impression of change, PGIC and CGIC) and specific measures of morbidity. The primary outcomes of this prospective, open-label, non-controlled study were the correlation between global status (PGIC and CGIC) and changes in pain, sleep, and anxiety scores as assessed on numerical or visual rating scales. A total of 217 outpatients were included in 53 centres. The most frequently used dosing regimen involved a starting dose of 150mg/d and dose escalation to 300mg/d after one week (mean: 301mg/d, administered in two doses). The significant changes on pain, sleep and anxiety scales (-40%, -43%, -42%) between baseline and study end after 4-week pregabalin treatment were paralleled by the changes in ratings in both the PGIC and CGIC. The correlation with both PGIC and CGIC was 0.60 for pain, 0.51 for sleep and 0.20 or 0.13 for the correlation of anxiety with PGIC and CGIC, respectively. All correlations with exception of the pair CGIC/anxiety reached statistical significance. In conclusion, pregabalin in a flexible-dose regimen improved pain, sleep, anxiety and general state, and was well tolerated. The efficacy and safety profile of pregabalin was consistent with the data from the controlled clinical trials. The PGIC and CGIC and the specific pain and sleep scores, but not the anxiety score were generally well correlated but not synonymous. SN - 1532-2149 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18242109/Efficacy_and_safety_of_pregabalin_in_patients_with_diabetic_peripheral_neuropathy_or_postherpetic_neuralgia:_Open_label_non_comparative_flexible_dose_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1090-3801(07)00709-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -