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Appetitive odor-cue conditioning attenuates the acoustic startle response in rats.
Behav Brain Res. 2008 May 16; 189(1):226-30.BB

Abstract

We here show that a neutral odor previously paired with a positive emotional context is an effective stimulus for attenuating the acoustic startle response (ASR) in rats. Olfactory cues can, therefore, be effectively used in the startle probe procedure for appetitive conditioning. This cue-induced reduction in ASR is not related to attentional alterations or a more general arousal by odor presentation, the conditioned olfactory cue rather elicits a pleasant emotional state during which the ASR is inhibited. This odor conditioned "pleasure" attenuation of the startle response might, therefore, provide a new effective operational measure for the hedonic aspects of reward.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Central Institute of Mental Health (ZI), Department of Psychopharmacology, J5, 68159 Mannheim, Germany. miriam.schneider@zi-mannheim.deNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18243352

Citation

Schneider, Miriam, and Rainer Spanagel. "Appetitive Odor-cue Conditioning Attenuates the Acoustic Startle Response in Rats." Behavioural Brain Research, vol. 189, no. 1, 2008, pp. 226-30.
Schneider M, Spanagel R. Appetitive odor-cue conditioning attenuates the acoustic startle response in rats. Behav Brain Res. 2008;189(1):226-30.
Schneider, M., & Spanagel, R. (2008). Appetitive odor-cue conditioning attenuates the acoustic startle response in rats. Behavioural Brain Research, 189(1), 226-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2007.12.017
Schneider M, Spanagel R. Appetitive Odor-cue Conditioning Attenuates the Acoustic Startle Response in Rats. Behav Brain Res. 2008 May 16;189(1):226-30. PubMed PMID: 18243352.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Appetitive odor-cue conditioning attenuates the acoustic startle response in rats. AU - Schneider,Miriam, AU - Spanagel,Rainer, Y1 - 2007/12/28/ PY - 2007/11/12/received PY - 2007/12/17/revised PY - 2007/12/20/accepted PY - 2008/2/5/pubmed PY - 2008/7/2/medline PY - 2008/2/5/entrez SP - 226 EP - 30 JF - Behavioural brain research JO - Behav Brain Res VL - 189 IS - 1 N2 - We here show that a neutral odor previously paired with a positive emotional context is an effective stimulus for attenuating the acoustic startle response (ASR) in rats. Olfactory cues can, therefore, be effectively used in the startle probe procedure for appetitive conditioning. This cue-induced reduction in ASR is not related to attentional alterations or a more general arousal by odor presentation, the conditioned olfactory cue rather elicits a pleasant emotional state during which the ASR is inhibited. This odor conditioned "pleasure" attenuation of the startle response might, therefore, provide a new effective operational measure for the hedonic aspects of reward. SN - 0166-4328 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18243352/Appetitive_odor_cue_conditioning_attenuates_the_acoustic_startle_response_in_rats_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0166-4328(07)00671-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -