Determination of trichloroethylene in biological samples by headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2008 Feb 15; 863(1):26-35.JC
A simple, rapid and sensitive method for determination of trichloroethylene (TCE) in rat blood, liver, lung, kidney and brain, using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), is presented. A 100-microm polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) fiber was selected for sampling. The major analytical parameters including extraction and desorption temperature, extraction and desorption time, salt addition, and sample preheating time were optimized for each of the biological matrices to enhance the extraction efficiency and sensitivity of the method. The lower limits of quantitation for TCE in blood and tissues were 0.25ng/ml and 0.75ng/g, respectively. The method showed good linearity over the range of 0.25-100ng TCE/ml in blood and 0.75-300ng TCE/g in tissues, with correlation coefficient (R(2)) values higher than 0.994. The precision and accuracy for intra-day and inter-day measurements were less than 10%. The relative recoveries of TCE respect to deionized water from all matrices were greater than 55%. Stability tests including autosampler temperature and freeze and thaw of specimens were also investigated. This validated method was successfully applied to study the toxicokinetics of TCE following administration of a low oral dose.