Effect of early treatment on stability of occlusion in patients with Class II malocclusion.Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008 Feb; 133(2):235-44.AJ
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of early treatment on the stability of occlusion in patients with Class II malocclusions. The peer assessment rating (PAR) index was used to evaluate changes in occlusion after treatment of subjects treated in 1 phase or 2 phases. This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial.
Dental casts were obtained from the participants, who were randomized into 3 phase-1 early treatment groups: bionator, headgear/bite plane, or observation. Phase 2 consisted of continued treatment of the bionator and the headgear/biteplane subjects and comprehensive treatment of the observation subjects. PAR scores were obtained for 208 subjects at end of treatment; 173 (83%) had at least 1 follow-up visit, with a median follow-up time of 5.0 years. PAR scores were calculated for each subject at key treatment and posttreatment time points. Linear mixed-effect models were used to evaluate the impact of phase-1 treatment group, years posttreatment, end of treatment PAR score, and other covariates that could affect stability on the posttreatment PAR score.
Factors significantly affecting posttreatment PAR scores were PAR score at end of treatment (P <.0001), years posttreatment (P =.0064), and PAR score at the start of phase 2. Although phase-1 treatment was not statistically significant, those with early treatment had lower PAR scores at the start of phase 2 than the observation subjects (means [SD]: bionator 17.5 [7.4], headgear/biteplane 15.3 [7.0], observation 22.2 [8.6], P <.0001). Thus, early treatment had an indirect effect.
Factors that affect posttreatment PAR score stability include PAR score at the end of treatment, years posttreatment, and PAR score at the start of phase-2 treatment. The early treatment modalities have limited positive impact on posttreatment stability PAR scores in Class II malocclusion patients due to their effect on PAR scores at the start of phase-2 treatment.