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Associations among predental credentials and measures of dental school achievement.
J Dent Educ. 2008 Feb; 72(2):142-52.JD

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations among several dental school admission criteria and several measures of dental school achievement. Data were collected for 2000-07 University of Iowa dentistry graduates, including five specific preadmission credentials and five specific measures of dental school achievement for each student. Pearson product moment correlations or Mann-Whitney U statistics were computed for the association of each of the ten variables with the nine others. The strongest correlation observed was between predental science grade point average (GPA) and overall predental GPA. Dental Admission Test (DAT) Academic Average was very strongly correlated with DAT Total Science, and both of these were each moderately correlated with DAT Perceptual Ability, predental science GPA, and overall predental GPA. Among the measures of dental school achievement, the strongest association was observed between National Board Dental Examination (NBDE) scores and dental school GPA. These were also moderately correlated with final clinical grade. All of the measures of dental school achievement were slightly stronger for candidates who passed the Central Regional Dental Testing Service (CRDTS) examination than for those who failed that exam. Of the predental credentials considered, predental science GPA and overall predental GPA were the best predictors of dental school GPA. DAT Academic Average was the best predictor of NBDE scores. Although DAT Perceptual Ability was the best predictor of clinical competency at the time of graduation, these two variables were only weakly correlated. DAT Perceptual Ability scores and overall predental GPA were slightly higher for candidates who passed the CRDTS examination than for those who failed that exam.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1001, USA. dc-holmes@uiowa.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18250394

Citation

Holmes, David C., et al. "Associations Among Predental Credentials and Measures of Dental School Achievement." Journal of Dental Education, vol. 72, no. 2, 2008, pp. 142-52.
Holmes DC, Doering JV, Spector M. Associations among predental credentials and measures of dental school achievement. J Dent Educ. 2008;72(2):142-52.
Holmes, D. C., Doering, J. V., & Spector, M. (2008). Associations among predental credentials and measures of dental school achievement. Journal of Dental Education, 72(2), 142-52.
Holmes DC, Doering JV, Spector M. Associations Among Predental Credentials and Measures of Dental School Achievement. J Dent Educ. 2008;72(2):142-52. PubMed PMID: 18250394.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations among predental credentials and measures of dental school achievement. AU - Holmes,David C, AU - Doering,John V, AU - Spector,Michael, PY - 2008/2/6/pubmed PY - 2008/4/11/medline PY - 2008/2/6/entrez SP - 142 EP - 52 JF - Journal of dental education JO - J Dent Educ VL - 72 IS - 2 N2 - The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations among several dental school admission criteria and several measures of dental school achievement. Data were collected for 2000-07 University of Iowa dentistry graduates, including five specific preadmission credentials and five specific measures of dental school achievement for each student. Pearson product moment correlations or Mann-Whitney U statistics were computed for the association of each of the ten variables with the nine others. The strongest correlation observed was between predental science grade point average (GPA) and overall predental GPA. Dental Admission Test (DAT) Academic Average was very strongly correlated with DAT Total Science, and both of these were each moderately correlated with DAT Perceptual Ability, predental science GPA, and overall predental GPA. Among the measures of dental school achievement, the strongest association was observed between National Board Dental Examination (NBDE) scores and dental school GPA. These were also moderately correlated with final clinical grade. All of the measures of dental school achievement were slightly stronger for candidates who passed the Central Regional Dental Testing Service (CRDTS) examination than for those who failed that exam. Of the predental credentials considered, predental science GPA and overall predental GPA were the best predictors of dental school GPA. DAT Academic Average was the best predictor of NBDE scores. Although DAT Perceptual Ability was the best predictor of clinical competency at the time of graduation, these two variables were only weakly correlated. DAT Perceptual Ability scores and overall predental GPA were slightly higher for candidates who passed the CRDTS examination than for those who failed that exam. SN - 0022-0337 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18250394/Associations_among_predental_credentials_and_measures_of_dental_school_achievement_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0022-0337&date=2008&volume=72&issue=2&spage=142 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -