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Kangaroo mother care for low birth weight infants: a randomized controlled trial.
Indian Pediatr. 2008 Jan; 45(1):17-23.IP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare the effect of Kangaroo mother care (KMC) and conventional methods of care (CMC) on growth in LBW babies (> 2000 g).

STUDY DESIGN

Randomized controlled trial.

SETTING

Level III NICU of a teaching institution in western India.

SUBJECTS

206 neonates with birth weight < 2000 g.

INTERVENTION

The subjects were randomized into two groups: the intervention group (KMC-103) received Kangaroo mother care. The control group (CMC: 103) received conventional care.

OUTCOME MEASURES

Growth, as measured by average daily weight gain and by other anthropometrical parameters at 40 weeks postmenstrual age in preterm babies and at 2500 g in term SGA infants was assessed.

RESULTS

The KMC babies had better average weight gain per day (KMC: 23.99 g vs CMC: 15.58 g, P< 0.0001). The weekly increments in head circumference (KMC: 0.75 cm vs CMC: 0.49 cm, P = 0.02) and length (KMC: 0.99 cm vs CMC: 0.7 cm, P = 0.008) were higher in the KMC group. A significantly higher number of babies in the CMC group suffered from hypothermia, hypoglycemia, and sepsis. There was no effect on time to discharge. More KMC babies were exclusively breastfed at the end of the study (98% vs 76%). KMC was acceptable to most mothers and families at home.

CONCLUSION

Kangaroo mother care improves growth and reduces morbidities in low birth weight infants. It is simple, acceptable to mothers and can be continued at home.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neonatology, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India. raosumanv@rediffmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18250500

Citation

Suman, Rao P N., et al. "Kangaroo Mother Care for Low Birth Weight Infants: a Randomized Controlled Trial." Indian Pediatrics, vol. 45, no. 1, 2008, pp. 17-23.
Suman RP, Udani R, Nanavati R. Kangaroo mother care for low birth weight infants: a randomized controlled trial. Indian Pediatr. 2008;45(1):17-23.
Suman, R. P., Udani, R., & Nanavati, R. (2008). Kangaroo mother care for low birth weight infants: a randomized controlled trial. Indian Pediatrics, 45(1), 17-23.
Suman RP, Udani R, Nanavati R. Kangaroo Mother Care for Low Birth Weight Infants: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Indian Pediatr. 2008;45(1):17-23. PubMed PMID: 18250500.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Kangaroo mother care for low birth weight infants: a randomized controlled trial. AU - Suman,Rao P N, AU - Udani,Rekha, AU - Nanavati,Ruchi, PY - 2008/2/6/pubmed PY - 2008/4/2/medline PY - 2008/2/6/entrez SP - 17 EP - 23 JF - Indian pediatrics JO - Indian Pediatr VL - 45 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of Kangaroo mother care (KMC) and conventional methods of care (CMC) on growth in LBW babies (> 2000 g). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Level III NICU of a teaching institution in western India. SUBJECTS: 206 neonates with birth weight < 2000 g. INTERVENTION: The subjects were randomized into two groups: the intervention group (KMC-103) received Kangaroo mother care. The control group (CMC: 103) received conventional care. OUTCOME MEASURES: Growth, as measured by average daily weight gain and by other anthropometrical parameters at 40 weeks postmenstrual age in preterm babies and at 2500 g in term SGA infants was assessed. RESULTS: The KMC babies had better average weight gain per day (KMC: 23.99 g vs CMC: 15.58 g, P< 0.0001). The weekly increments in head circumference (KMC: 0.75 cm vs CMC: 0.49 cm, P = 0.02) and length (KMC: 0.99 cm vs CMC: 0.7 cm, P = 0.008) were higher in the KMC group. A significantly higher number of babies in the CMC group suffered from hypothermia, hypoglycemia, and sepsis. There was no effect on time to discharge. More KMC babies were exclusively breastfed at the end of the study (98% vs 76%). KMC was acceptable to most mothers and families at home. CONCLUSION: Kangaroo mother care improves growth and reduces morbidities in low birth weight infants. It is simple, acceptable to mothers and can be continued at home. SN - 0019-6061 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18250500/Kangaroo_mother_care_for_low_birth_weight_infants:_a_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - http://www.indianpediatrics.net/jan2008/17.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -