Bleeding index after the first course of endoscopic treatment for esophageal varices in liver cirrhotic patients with and without hepatocellular carcinoma.Hepatogastroenterology. 2007 Oct-Nov; 54(79):2049-54.H
We retrospectively evaluated variable clinical data on admission to reliably predict bleeding from esophageal varices after the first course of endoscopic treatment in liver cirrhosis patients with and without hepatocellular carcinoma.
We analyzed 27 clinical factors from the medical records of 118 patients who received their first course of endoscopic treatment for esophageal varices. Factors significantly related to bleeding were extracted using Cox's regression model, and the bleeding index was prepared by combining these factors.
The cumulative nonbleeding rates after treatment for esophageal varices were 82.1% at 1 year, 64.6% at 3 years and 53.7% at 5 years. By the multivariate analysis, age, the presence of hepatocellular carcinoma, hemoglobin, lactate dehydrogenase and alpha-fetoprotein were selected as significant factors that contributed independently to the post-therapeutic bleeding from esophageal varices (P<0.05). The bleeding index was calculated using the following formula: bleeding index = - 0.045 x Age + 0.934 x hepatocellular carcinoma - 0.151 x hemoglobin + 0.108 x lactate dehydrogenase + 0.842 x alpha-fetoprotein.
The bleeding index, based on 5 factors, will in future be an appropriate index to predict the post-therapeutic bleeding from esophageal varices.