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The effects of milk as a food matrix for polyphenols on the excretion profile of cocoa (-)-epicatechin metabolites in healthy human subjects.
Br J Nutr. 2008 Oct; 100(4):846-51.BJ

Abstract

The effect of different food matrices on the metabolism and excretion of polyphenols is uncertain. The objective of the study was to evaluate the possible effect of milk on the excretion of (2)-epicatechin metabolites from cocoa powder after its ingestion with and without milk. Twenty-one volunteers received the following three test meals each in a randomised cross-over design with a 1-week interval between meals: (1) 250 ml whole milk as a control; (2) 40 g cocoa powder dissolved in 250 ml whole milk (CC-M); (3) 40 g cocoa powder dissolved in 250 ml water (CC-W). Urine was collected before consumption and during the 0-6, 6-12 and 12-24 h periods after consumption. (2)-Epicatechin metabolite excretion was measured using liquid chromatography-MS. One (2)-epicatechin glucuronide and three (2)-epicatechin sulfates were detected in urine excreted after the intake of the two cocoa beverages (CC-M and CC-W). The results show that milk does not significantly affect the total amount of metabolites excreted in urine. However, differences in metabolite excretion profiles were observed; there were changes in the glucuronide and sulfate excretion rates, and the sulfation position between the period of excretion and the matrix. The matrix in which polyphenols are consumed can affect their metabolism and excretion, and this may affect their biological activity. Thus, more studies are needed to evaluate the effect of these different metabolite profiles on the body.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Food Science-CeRTA, University of Barcelona, Av/ Joan XXIII s/n, Barcelona 08028, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18257943

Citation

Roura, Elena, et al. "The Effects of Milk as a Food Matrix for Polyphenols On the Excretion Profile of Cocoa (-)-epicatechin Metabolites in Healthy Human Subjects." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 100, no. 4, 2008, pp. 846-51.
Roura E, Andrés-Lacueva C, Estruch R, et al. The effects of milk as a food matrix for polyphenols on the excretion profile of cocoa (-)-epicatechin metabolites in healthy human subjects. Br J Nutr. 2008;100(4):846-51.
Roura, E., Andrés-Lacueva, C., Estruch, R., Lourdes Mata Bilbao, M., Izquierdo-Pulido, M., & Lamuela-Raventós, R. M. (2008). The effects of milk as a food matrix for polyphenols on the excretion profile of cocoa (-)-epicatechin metabolites in healthy human subjects. The British Journal of Nutrition, 100(4), 846-51. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114508922534
Roura E, et al. The Effects of Milk as a Food Matrix for Polyphenols On the Excretion Profile of Cocoa (-)-epicatechin Metabolites in Healthy Human Subjects. Br J Nutr. 2008;100(4):846-51. PubMed PMID: 18257943.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of milk as a food matrix for polyphenols on the excretion profile of cocoa (-)-epicatechin metabolites in healthy human subjects. AU - Roura,Elena, AU - Andrés-Lacueva,Cristina, AU - Estruch,Ramon, AU - Lourdes Mata Bilbao,M, AU - Izquierdo-Pulido,Maria, AU - Lamuela-Raventós,Rosa M, Y1 - 2008/02/07/ PY - 2008/2/9/pubmed PY - 2009/5/14/medline PY - 2008/2/9/entrez SP - 846 EP - 51 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br J Nutr VL - 100 IS - 4 N2 - The effect of different food matrices on the metabolism and excretion of polyphenols is uncertain. The objective of the study was to evaluate the possible effect of milk on the excretion of (2)-epicatechin metabolites from cocoa powder after its ingestion with and without milk. Twenty-one volunteers received the following three test meals each in a randomised cross-over design with a 1-week interval between meals: (1) 250 ml whole milk as a control; (2) 40 g cocoa powder dissolved in 250 ml whole milk (CC-M); (3) 40 g cocoa powder dissolved in 250 ml water (CC-W). Urine was collected before consumption and during the 0-6, 6-12 and 12-24 h periods after consumption. (2)-Epicatechin metabolite excretion was measured using liquid chromatography-MS. One (2)-epicatechin glucuronide and three (2)-epicatechin sulfates were detected in urine excreted after the intake of the two cocoa beverages (CC-M and CC-W). The results show that milk does not significantly affect the total amount of metabolites excreted in urine. However, differences in metabolite excretion profiles were observed; there were changes in the glucuronide and sulfate excretion rates, and the sulfation position between the period of excretion and the matrix. The matrix in which polyphenols are consumed can affect their metabolism and excretion, and this may affect their biological activity. Thus, more studies are needed to evaluate the effect of these different metabolite profiles on the body. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18257943/The_effects_of_milk_as_a_food_matrix_for_polyphenols_on_the_excretion_profile_of_cocoa_____epicatechin_metabolites_in_healthy_human_subjects_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114508922534/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -