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Tuning of cell proliferation on tough gels by critical charge effect.

Abstract

Tough triple network (TN) hydrogels that facilitate cell spreading and proliferation and, at the same time, preserve high mechanical strength are synthesized by the introduction of a proper component of negatively charged moiety, poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-propane sulfonic acid sodium salt) (PNaAMPS), on which cells proliferate, with neutral moiety, poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide) (DMAAm), on which cells do not proliferate, as the third network component, to PNaAMPS/PDMAAm double network (DN) gels. For synthesizing the tough TN gels to support cell viability, the effect of charge density on the behaviors of three kinds of cells, bovine fetal aorta endothelial cells (BFAECs), human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVECs), and rabbit synovial tissue-derived fibroblast cells (RSTFCs) were systematically investigated on poly(NaAMPS-co-DMAAm) gels with different charge density. The charge density of the gels was tuned by changing the molar fraction (F) of negatively charged monomer in the copolymer hydrogels. Critical F, which corresponds to a critical value of the zeta potential (zeta), is observed for cell spreading and proliferation. The critical F for BFAECs and HUVECs proliferate to confluent is F = 0.4 (zeta = -20 mV), whereas the critical F for RSTFCs shifts to F = 0.7 (zeta = -28.5 mV). The effect of gel charge density on cell behavior is correlated well with the total adsorbed proteins and fibronectin. By applying these results, cell proliferation is successfully realized on the tough TN hydrogels without surface modification with any cell adhesive proteins or peptides. The results will substantially promote the application of tough hydrogels as soft and wet tissues.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan.

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    MeSH

    Animals
    Aorta
    Cattle
    Cell Adhesion
    Cell Culture Techniques
    Cell Proliferation
    Endothelial Cells
    Fibroblasts
    Humans
    Hydrogels
    Polymers
    Proteins
    Rabbits
    Static Electricity
    Synovial Fluid
    Tissue Engineering
    Umbilical Veins

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    18260145