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Target processing is facilitated by motivationally relevant cues.
Biol Psychol. 2008 Apr; 78(1):29-42.BP

Abstract

The effect that motivationally relevant stimuli have on processes of attentional engagement and disengagement was investigated during two modified peripheral cueing paradigms. Sexual, mutilation, threatening, and neutral stimuli served as peripheral cues in both experiments. Responses were made to target location in Experiment 1 (N=19 female) and target identity in Experiment 2 (N=18 female). As indexed by enhanced target-evoked P1 and P3b component amplitudes, target processing was facilitated by the presentation of sexual and mutilation stimuli in both experiments. This facilitation in response to targets cued by sexual and mutilation stimuli occurred regardless of whether cueing was valid or invalid as demonstrated by the non-significant cue validity x picture-type interaction. As such, the processes of attentional engagement (as inferred by responses to validly cued targets) and attentional disengagement (as inferred by responses to invalidly cued targets) were not differentially affected by the motivational relevance of the preceding cue. These results indicate that in a non-clinical sample, participants can shift attention rapidly to process information following the onset of motivationally relevant stimuli at attended (valid) and unattended (invalid) locations and that target processing is facilitated by the presence of appetitive and aversive cues.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18262710

Citation

Briggs, Kate E., and Frances H. Martin. "Target Processing Is Facilitated By Motivationally Relevant Cues." Biological Psychology, vol. 78, no. 1, 2008, pp. 29-42.
Briggs KE, Martin FH. Target processing is facilitated by motivationally relevant cues. Biol Psychol. 2008;78(1):29-42.
Briggs, K. E., & Martin, F. H. (2008). Target processing is facilitated by motivationally relevant cues. Biological Psychology, 78(1), 29-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.12.007
Briggs KE, Martin FH. Target Processing Is Facilitated By Motivationally Relevant Cues. Biol Psychol. 2008;78(1):29-42. PubMed PMID: 18262710.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Target processing is facilitated by motivationally relevant cues. AU - Briggs,Kate E, AU - Martin,Frances H, Y1 - 2008/01/04/ PY - 2006/12/06/received PY - 2007/12/13/revised PY - 2007/12/14/accepted PY - 2008/2/12/pubmed PY - 2008/7/11/medline PY - 2008/2/12/entrez SP - 29 EP - 42 JF - Biological psychology JO - Biol Psychol VL - 78 IS - 1 N2 - The effect that motivationally relevant stimuli have on processes of attentional engagement and disengagement was investigated during two modified peripheral cueing paradigms. Sexual, mutilation, threatening, and neutral stimuli served as peripheral cues in both experiments. Responses were made to target location in Experiment 1 (N=19 female) and target identity in Experiment 2 (N=18 female). As indexed by enhanced target-evoked P1 and P3b component amplitudes, target processing was facilitated by the presentation of sexual and mutilation stimuli in both experiments. This facilitation in response to targets cued by sexual and mutilation stimuli occurred regardless of whether cueing was valid or invalid as demonstrated by the non-significant cue validity x picture-type interaction. As such, the processes of attentional engagement (as inferred by responses to validly cued targets) and attentional disengagement (as inferred by responses to invalidly cued targets) were not differentially affected by the motivational relevance of the preceding cue. These results indicate that in a non-clinical sample, participants can shift attention rapidly to process information following the onset of motivationally relevant stimuli at attended (valid) and unattended (invalid) locations and that target processing is facilitated by the presence of appetitive and aversive cues. SN - 0301-0511 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18262710/Target_processing_is_facilitated_by_motivationally_relevant_cues_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301-0511(07)00202-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -