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The differentially mutational spectra of the APC, K-ras, and p53 genes in sporadic colorectal cancers from Taiwanese patients.
Hepatogastroenterology 2007; 54(80):2259-65H

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS

Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), K-ras and p53 gene mutations are the most common genetic alterations present in colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to analyze tumor mutation frequencies and spectra in a large cohort of Taiwanese patients with CRC.

METHODOLOGY

APC, K-ras, and p53 gene mutations in primary tumor tissues and their paired normal tissues of 123 CRC patients were detected by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism analysis, followed by direct sequencing.

RESULTS

Of these 123 CRC patients, 43.1%, 44.7%, 35% of tumor tissue specimens presented mutations in APC, K-ras, and p53 genes, respectively. Overall, gene mutations in APC, K-ras and/or p53 were present in 78% (96/123) of tumor tissues. Among 96 CRC patients harboring gene mutations, 49 (51%) contained mutations of at least two different genes and 47 (49%) contained mutations of one gene only. The most common combination of gene mutations was APC and K-ras mutations (21.9%), followed by K-ras and p53 mutations (12.5%) and then APC and p53 mutations (10.4%). In addition, there were only 6.3% (6/96) of tumor tissues from CRC patients simultaneously containing mutations of APC, K-ras and p53 genes. The most common mutation spectrum of these genes was missense mutations, at a frequency of 38.8%, 92.7% and 70.5% for APC, K-ras and p53 genes, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

These data support that the frequencies and patterns of somatic mutation of the APC, Kras and p53 genes in CRCs are considerably variable and distinct among populations, for which the interaction between exogenous environmental factors and endogenous gene alterations may be important determinants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Taiwan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18265644

Citation

Wang, Jaw-Yuan, et al. "The Differentially Mutational Spectra of the APC, K-ras, and P53 Genes in Sporadic Colorectal Cancers From Taiwanese Patients." Hepato-gastroenterology, vol. 54, no. 80, 2007, pp. 2259-65.
Wang JY, Hsieh JS, Lu CY, et al. The differentially mutational spectra of the APC, K-ras, and p53 genes in sporadic colorectal cancers from Taiwanese patients. Hepatogastroenterology. 2007;54(80):2259-65.
Wang, J. Y., Hsieh, J. S., Lu, C. Y., Yu, F. J., Wu, J. Y., Chen, F. M., ... Lin, S. R. (2007). The differentially mutational spectra of the APC, K-ras, and p53 genes in sporadic colorectal cancers from Taiwanese patients. Hepato-gastroenterology, 54(80), pp. 2259-65.
Wang JY, et al. The Differentially Mutational Spectra of the APC, K-ras, and P53 Genes in Sporadic Colorectal Cancers From Taiwanese Patients. Hepatogastroenterology. 2007;54(80):2259-65. PubMed PMID: 18265644.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The differentially mutational spectra of the APC, K-ras, and p53 genes in sporadic colorectal cancers from Taiwanese patients. AU - Wang,Jaw-Yuan, AU - Hsieh,Jan-Sing, AU - Lu,Chien-Yu, AU - Yu,Fang-Jung, AU - Wu,Jeng-Yih, AU - Chen,Fang-Ming, AU - Huang,Che-Jen, AU - Lin,Shiu-Ru, PY - 2008/2/13/pubmed PY - 2008/3/22/medline PY - 2008/2/13/entrez SP - 2259 EP - 65 JF - Hepato-gastroenterology JO - Hepatogastroenterology VL - 54 IS - 80 N2 - BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), K-ras and p53 gene mutations are the most common genetic alterations present in colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to analyze tumor mutation frequencies and spectra in a large cohort of Taiwanese patients with CRC. METHODOLOGY: APC, K-ras, and p53 gene mutations in primary tumor tissues and their paired normal tissues of 123 CRC patients were detected by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism analysis, followed by direct sequencing. RESULTS: Of these 123 CRC patients, 43.1%, 44.7%, 35% of tumor tissue specimens presented mutations in APC, K-ras, and p53 genes, respectively. Overall, gene mutations in APC, K-ras and/or p53 were present in 78% (96/123) of tumor tissues. Among 96 CRC patients harboring gene mutations, 49 (51%) contained mutations of at least two different genes and 47 (49%) contained mutations of one gene only. The most common combination of gene mutations was APC and K-ras mutations (21.9%), followed by K-ras and p53 mutations (12.5%) and then APC and p53 mutations (10.4%). In addition, there were only 6.3% (6/96) of tumor tissues from CRC patients simultaneously containing mutations of APC, K-ras and p53 genes. The most common mutation spectrum of these genes was missense mutations, at a frequency of 38.8%, 92.7% and 70.5% for APC, K-ras and p53 genes, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: These data support that the frequencies and patterns of somatic mutation of the APC, Kras and p53 genes in CRCs are considerably variable and distinct among populations, for which the interaction between exogenous environmental factors and endogenous gene alterations may be important determinants. SN - 0172-6390 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18265644/The_differentially_mutational_spectra_of_the_APC_K_ras_and_p53_genes_in_sporadic_colorectal_cancers_from_Taiwanese_patients_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/colorectalcancer.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -