Laparoscopic anterior 90 degree fundoplication for reflux or large hiatus hernia.ANZ J Surg. 2008 Mar; 78(3):123-7.AJ
Anterior 90 degree partial fundoplication has been proposed as technique to minimize the risk of side-effects following surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux. We have applied this approach for the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux and/or large hiatus hernias. Previous studies have shown that this type of procedure can achieve good control of reflux, with fewer side-effects. However, only short-term follow up has been reported. In this study, we determined later clinical outcomes in patients who have undergone this procedure. All patients who underwent a laparoscopic anterior 90 degree partial fundoplication surgery were identified from a database, which collected prospective clinical data. Patients completed a standardized questionnaire 3 months after surgery and then yearly to assess clinical symptoms of reflux and postoperative side-effects. Between February 1999 and January 2006, 246 patients underwent surgery--74 in conjunction with repair of a large hiatus hernia and 172 for reflux. Three patients underwent further surgery within 2 days of the original procedure (one for repair of a perforated oesophagus) and four underwent later surgical revision (reflux 3, dysphagia 1). Clinical follow-up data were available for 98% at 3-84 months (median 36). Most patients had effective relief of reflux symptoms at up to 3 years follow up. Dysphagia scores improved following surgery. The magnitude of this improvement was greater in patients with large hiatus hernias. More than 80% of the patients were able to belch normally at all time points after surgery and most were highly satisfied with the overall outcome. Satisfaction scores were higher following repair of a large hiatus hernia. The clinical results of laparoscopic anterior 90 degree fundoplication for either reflux or as part of repair of a large hiatus hernia are encouraging, although longer-term follow up is required to confirm durability of reflux control.