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Intimate partner violence and miscarriage: examination of the role of physical and psychological abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder.
J Interpers Violence. 2008 May; 23(5):652-69.JI

Abstract

Despite research documenting high rates of violence during pregnancy, few studies have examined the impact of physical abuse, psychological abuse, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on miscarriage. Secondary analysis of data collected by the Chicago Women's Health Risk Study permitted an exploration of the relationships among physical abuse, psychological abuse, PTSD, and miscarriage among 118 primarily ethnic minority women. The interaction between maximum severity of abuse and age provided the best multivariate predictor of miscarriage rate, accounting for 26.9% of the variance between live birth and miscarriage outcome. Mean scores of psychological abuse, physical violence, forced sex, and PTSD were significantly higher in the miscarriage group than in the live birth group. Women who experience physical violence and psychological abuse during pregnancy may be at greater risk for miscarriage. Prospective studies can confirm findings and determine underlying mechanisms. Routine screening for traumatic stress and PTSD may reduce rates of miscarriage.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for PTSD, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA. leslie.morland@med.va.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18272727

Citation

Morland, Leslie A., et al. "Intimate Partner Violence and Miscarriage: Examination of the Role of Physical and Psychological Abuse and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder." Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 23, no. 5, 2008, pp. 652-69.
Morland LA, Leskin GA, Block CR, et al. Intimate partner violence and miscarriage: examination of the role of physical and psychological abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder. J Interpers Violence. 2008;23(5):652-69.
Morland, L. A., Leskin, G. A., Block, C. R., Campbell, J. C., & Friedman, M. J. (2008). Intimate partner violence and miscarriage: examination of the role of physical and psychological abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23(5), 652-69. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260507313533
Morland LA, et al. Intimate Partner Violence and Miscarriage: Examination of the Role of Physical and Psychological Abuse and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. J Interpers Violence. 2008;23(5):652-69. PubMed PMID: 18272727.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intimate partner violence and miscarriage: examination of the role of physical and psychological abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder. AU - Morland,Leslie A, AU - Leskin,Gregory A, AU - Block,Carolyn Rebecca, AU - Campbell,Jacquelyn C, AU - Friedman,Matthew J, Y1 - 2008/02/13/ PY - 2008/2/15/pubmed PY - 2008/7/9/medline PY - 2008/2/15/entrez SP - 652 EP - 69 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence VL - 23 IS - 5 N2 - Despite research documenting high rates of violence during pregnancy, few studies have examined the impact of physical abuse, psychological abuse, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on miscarriage. Secondary analysis of data collected by the Chicago Women's Health Risk Study permitted an exploration of the relationships among physical abuse, psychological abuse, PTSD, and miscarriage among 118 primarily ethnic minority women. The interaction between maximum severity of abuse and age provided the best multivariate predictor of miscarriage rate, accounting for 26.9% of the variance between live birth and miscarriage outcome. Mean scores of psychological abuse, physical violence, forced sex, and PTSD were significantly higher in the miscarriage group than in the live birth group. Women who experience physical violence and psychological abuse during pregnancy may be at greater risk for miscarriage. Prospective studies can confirm findings and determine underlying mechanisms. Routine screening for traumatic stress and PTSD may reduce rates of miscarriage. SN - 0886-2605 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18272727/Intimate_partner_violence_and_miscarriage:_examination_of_the_role_of_physical_and_psychological_abuse_and_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260507313533?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -