Is Inhibitor of differentiation 3 involved in human primary Sjögren's syndrome?Rheumatology (Oxford). 2008 Apr; 47(4):437-41.R
Inhibitor of differentiation 3 (Id3)-deficient mice show sicca symptoms, lymphocyte infiltration of exocrine glands and positive anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB antibodies, all hallmarks of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). The impairment of Id3 in T cells and, possibly, in salivary glandular epithelial cells (SGECs) seems to be involved. This animal model prompted us to investigate the role of Id3 in human pSS.
Quantitative Id3 expression in peripheral T cells, cultured SGECs and in total minor salivary glands was assessed by RT-PCR in pSS patients and controls. After Id3 sequencing, we investigated two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (c.313G>A and g.-156A>G) in a case-control study of 212 Caucasian pSS patients and 168 controls.
Quantitative Id3 expression was not decreased in pSS patients nor in SGECs, in T cells or in minor salivary glands. As well, patients and controls did not differ in allele and genotype frequencies of Id3 SNPs (P = 0.67 and P = 0.71 for the c.313G>A and the g.-156A>G, respectively). Neither SNP was associated with a pattern of autoantibody secretion.
Although the Id3-deficient mouse model represents an attractive model for human pSS, Id3 expression is not impaired in SGECs, peripheral T cells and in labial salivary glands in pSS patients and Id3-relevant SNPs do not give evidence of genetic predisposition in Caucasian pSS patients.