Rapid preparation of procyanidins B2 and C1 from Granny Smith apples by using low pressure column chromatography and identification of their oligomeric procyanidins.J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Mar 26; 56(6):2096-101.JA
Research in the field of procyanidins is always hindered by the lack of procyanidin standards, and the preparation of procyanidins, especially in large scale, remains difficult and time-consuming. Commercial sources of procyanidin standards are scarce. In this study, a rapid preparation method of procyanidins by using low-pressure column chromatography was developed. Procyanidins in Granny Smith apples were extracted with boiled water and purified on an ADS-17 macroporous resin column to obtain a Granny Smith apple procyanidin extract (GSE). GSE was fractionated according to its degree of polymerization on a Toyopearl TSK HW-40s column. Procyanidins B2 (epicatechin-(4beta-8)-epicatechin) and C1 (epicatechin-(4beta-8)-epicatechin-(4beta-8)-epicatechin) were prepared without HPLC separation. Oligomeric procyanidins from Granny Smith apples were also identified by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry.