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Ethnicity and risk for symptoms of posttraumatic stress following intimate partner violence: prevalence and predictors in European American and African American women.
J Interpers Violence. 2009 Jan; 24(1):3-19.JI

Abstract

The present study uses a feminist theoretical framework to explore risk factors for the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms following intimate partner violence, with a community sample of 120 low-income European American and African American women. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to examine demographic, violence, and mental health variables that predict posttraumatic stress symptoms. The data reveal that African American women report lower levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms than do their European American peers. This difference was observed despite the presence of more empirically identified risk factors for African American women. Regression analyses show that symptoms of depression increase risk for posttraumatic stress for both groups. However, a difference was observed such that past victimization increase risk for only European American women, whereas amount of psychological violence in the previous year increases risk for only African American women. Potential explanations for observed ethnic differences are offered.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Michigan, Department of Psychology, 2250 East Hall, 530 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1109, USA. grossmm@umich.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18299418

Citation

Lilly, Michelle M., and Sandra A. Graham-Bermann. "Ethnicity and Risk for Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Following Intimate Partner Violence: Prevalence and Predictors in European American and African American Women." Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 24, no. 1, 2009, pp. 3-19.
Lilly MM, Graham-Bermann SA. Ethnicity and risk for symptoms of posttraumatic stress following intimate partner violence: prevalence and predictors in European American and African American women. J Interpers Violence. 2009;24(1):3-19.
Lilly, M. M., & Graham-Bermann, S. A. (2009). Ethnicity and risk for symptoms of posttraumatic stress following intimate partner violence: prevalence and predictors in European American and African American women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24(1), 3-19. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260508314335
Lilly MM, Graham-Bermann SA. Ethnicity and Risk for Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Following Intimate Partner Violence: Prevalence and Predictors in European American and African American Women. J Interpers Violence. 2009;24(1):3-19. PubMed PMID: 18299418.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ethnicity and risk for symptoms of posttraumatic stress following intimate partner violence: prevalence and predictors in European American and African American women. AU - Lilly,Michelle M, AU - Graham-Bermann,Sandra A, Y1 - 2008/02/25/ PY - 2008/2/27/pubmed PY - 2009/2/27/medline PY - 2008/2/27/entrez SP - 3 EP - 19 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence VL - 24 IS - 1 N2 - The present study uses a feminist theoretical framework to explore risk factors for the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms following intimate partner violence, with a community sample of 120 low-income European American and African American women. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to examine demographic, violence, and mental health variables that predict posttraumatic stress symptoms. The data reveal that African American women report lower levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms than do their European American peers. This difference was observed despite the presence of more empirically identified risk factors for African American women. Regression analyses show that symptoms of depression increase risk for posttraumatic stress for both groups. However, a difference was observed such that past victimization increase risk for only European American women, whereas amount of psychological violence in the previous year increases risk for only African American women. Potential explanations for observed ethnic differences are offered. SN - 0886-2605 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18299418/Ethnicity_and_risk_for_symptoms_of_posttraumatic_stress_following_intimate_partner_violence:_prevalence_and_predictors_in_European_American_and_African_American_women_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260508314335?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -