Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Nationwide survey of prevalence and risk factors of prehypertension and hypertension in Iranian adults.
J Hypertens. 2008 Mar; 26(3):419-26.JH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of prehypertension (Pre-HTN) and hypertension (HTN) among the adult population of Iran.

METHODS

A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted from December 2004 to February 2005. The selection was conducted by stratified probability cluster sampling through household family members in Iran. Blood pressure (BP) and associated risk factors of 35 048 men and 34 674 women aged 25-65 years (mean 44.1 years) were measured.

RESULTS

The prevalence of Pre-HTN was 59.6% in men and 44.5% in women; and 19.8% of men and 26.9% of women were hypertensive, according to Joint National Committee 7 criteria. Pre-HTN was more common among men whereas HTN was more common among women. Multivariate analysis revealed that age, overweight, obesity, abdominal obesity and high cholesterol were strongly associated with Pre-HTN in both genders. In women, low educational attainment, residence in an urban area and high blood glucose were also associated with Pre-HTN. Age, low educational attainment, overweight, obesity, abdominal obesity and high cholesterol and blood glucose were strongly associated with HTN in both genders.

CONCLUSION

Pre-HTN and HTN appear to be quiet common in Iran and were associated with obesity. More men than women present with Pre-HTN, whereas more women than men present with HTN. Prevention and treatment strategies are urgently needed to address the health burden of Pre-HTN and HTN and to prevent prehypertensive people from developing HTN and cardiovascular disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. janghorbani@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18300850

Citation

Janghorbani, Mohsen, et al. "Nationwide Survey of Prevalence and Risk Factors of Prehypertension and Hypertension in Iranian Adults." Journal of Hypertension, vol. 26, no. 3, 2008, pp. 419-26.
Janghorbani M, Amini M, Gouya MM, et al. Nationwide survey of prevalence and risk factors of prehypertension and hypertension in Iranian adults. J Hypertens. 2008;26(3):419-26.
Janghorbani, M., Amini, M., Gouya, M. M., Delavari, A., Alikhani, S., & Mahdavi, A. (2008). Nationwide survey of prevalence and risk factors of prehypertension and hypertension in Iranian adults. Journal of Hypertension, 26(3), 419-26. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0b013e3282f2d34d
Janghorbani M, et al. Nationwide Survey of Prevalence and Risk Factors of Prehypertension and Hypertension in Iranian Adults. J Hypertens. 2008;26(3):419-26. PubMed PMID: 18300850.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nationwide survey of prevalence and risk factors of prehypertension and hypertension in Iranian adults. AU - Janghorbani,Mohsen, AU - Amini,Masoud, AU - Gouya,Mohammad Mehdi, AU - Delavari,Alireza, AU - Alikhani,Siamak, AU - Mahdavi,Alireza, PY - 2008/2/28/pubmed PY - 2008/4/25/medline PY - 2008/2/28/entrez SP - 419 EP - 26 JF - Journal of hypertension JO - J Hypertens VL - 26 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of prehypertension (Pre-HTN) and hypertension (HTN) among the adult population of Iran. METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted from December 2004 to February 2005. The selection was conducted by stratified probability cluster sampling through household family members in Iran. Blood pressure (BP) and associated risk factors of 35 048 men and 34 674 women aged 25-65 years (mean 44.1 years) were measured. RESULTS: The prevalence of Pre-HTN was 59.6% in men and 44.5% in women; and 19.8% of men and 26.9% of women were hypertensive, according to Joint National Committee 7 criteria. Pre-HTN was more common among men whereas HTN was more common among women. Multivariate analysis revealed that age, overweight, obesity, abdominal obesity and high cholesterol were strongly associated with Pre-HTN in both genders. In women, low educational attainment, residence in an urban area and high blood glucose were also associated with Pre-HTN. Age, low educational attainment, overweight, obesity, abdominal obesity and high cholesterol and blood glucose were strongly associated with HTN in both genders. CONCLUSION: Pre-HTN and HTN appear to be quiet common in Iran and were associated with obesity. More men than women present with Pre-HTN, whereas more women than men present with HTN. Prevention and treatment strategies are urgently needed to address the health burden of Pre-HTN and HTN and to prevent prehypertensive people from developing HTN and cardiovascular disease. SN - 0263-6352 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18300850/Nationwide_survey_of_prevalence_and_risk_factors_of_prehypertension_and_hypertension_in_Iranian_adults_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0b013e3282f2d34d DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -