Avoidant coping and PTSD symptoms related to domestic violence exposure: a longitudinal study.J Trauma Stress. 2008 Feb; 21(1):83-90.JT
The impact of avoidant coping on level of PTSD symptoms over 1 year was examined among 262 women exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) within the past month. Covariates included childhood sexual abuse (CSA), IPV severity, perceived and formal social support, and revictimization. Using longitudinal hierarchical multiple regression, avoidant coping was found associated with PTSD symptoms at 1-year follow-up, controlling for initial symptoms and covariates. Revictimization also had long-term consequences beyond Time 1 symptoms. Reducing avoidant coping and increasing survivors' safety may assist in breaking a cycle of problematic coping and psychological distress.