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Posttraumatic growth in accident survivors: openness and optimism as predictors of its constructive or illusory sides.
J Clin Psychol. 2008 Mar; 64(3):245-63.JC

Abstract

Posttraumatic growth (PTG), the phenomenon of self-reported positive outcomes of trauma, is assumed to consist of two sides: a constructive and an illusory side. This study investigates the relationship between PTG and its possible illusory and constructive predictors, as well as the moderating role of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity. One-hundred two motor vehicle accident (MVA) survivors with full, subsyndromal, and without PTSD were assessed by multiple psychometric measures targeting PTSD severity, posttraumatic growth, optimism, and openness to experience. Hierarchical regression analysis yielded differential interaction effects between PTSD severity and optimism, as well as openness facets pointing to the moderating role of PTSD severity in the prediction of an illusory and a constructive factor in PTG.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Roseneck Hospital, Prien am Chiemsee, Germany. tzoellner@schoen-kliniken.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18302209

Citation

Zoellner, Tanja, et al. "Posttraumatic Growth in Accident Survivors: Openness and Optimism as Predictors of Its Constructive or Illusory Sides." Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 64, no. 3, 2008, pp. 245-63.
Zoellner T, Rabe S, Karl A, et al. Posttraumatic growth in accident survivors: openness and optimism as predictors of its constructive or illusory sides. J Clin Psychol. 2008;64(3):245-63.
Zoellner, T., Rabe, S., Karl, A., & Maercker, A. (2008). Posttraumatic growth in accident survivors: openness and optimism as predictors of its constructive or illusory sides. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64(3), 245-63. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20441
Zoellner T, et al. Posttraumatic Growth in Accident Survivors: Openness and Optimism as Predictors of Its Constructive or Illusory Sides. J Clin Psychol. 2008;64(3):245-63. PubMed PMID: 18302209.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Posttraumatic growth in accident survivors: openness and optimism as predictors of its constructive or illusory sides. AU - Zoellner,Tanja, AU - Rabe,Sirko, AU - Karl,Anke, AU - Maercker,Andreas, PY - 2008/2/28/pubmed PY - 2008/6/19/medline PY - 2008/2/28/entrez SP - 245 EP - 63 JF - Journal of clinical psychology JO - J Clin Psychol VL - 64 IS - 3 N2 - Posttraumatic growth (PTG), the phenomenon of self-reported positive outcomes of trauma, is assumed to consist of two sides: a constructive and an illusory side. This study investigates the relationship between PTG and its possible illusory and constructive predictors, as well as the moderating role of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity. One-hundred two motor vehicle accident (MVA) survivors with full, subsyndromal, and without PTSD were assessed by multiple psychometric measures targeting PTSD severity, posttraumatic growth, optimism, and openness to experience. Hierarchical regression analysis yielded differential interaction effects between PTSD severity and optimism, as well as openness facets pointing to the moderating role of PTSD severity in the prediction of an illusory and a constructive factor in PTG. SN - 0021-9762 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18302209/Posttraumatic_growth_in_accident_survivors:_openness_and_optimism_as_predictors_of_its_constructive_or_illusory_sides_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20441 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -