The effect of latanoprost, bimatoprost, and travoprost on circadian variation of intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma.J Glaucoma. 2008 Jan-Feb; 17(1):36-9.JG
To evaluate the efficacy of latanoprost, bimatoprost, and travoprost given in the evening over the 24-hour curve in newly diagnosed open-angle glaucoma patients.
This 8-week, randomized, parallel group, masked evaluator study compared the efficacy of once daily administration of latanoprost 0.005%, bimatoprost 0.03%, and travoprost 0.004% ophthalmic solutions. After enrollment at baseline, 48 patients were randomized to 3 treatment groups: latanoprost (n=17), bimatoprost (n=16), and travoprost (n=15). At baseline and 8 weeks of therapy, masked evaluators measured intraocular pressure (IOP) at 8 AM, 10 AM, 1 PM, 4 PM, 8 PM, 11 PM, and 3 AM.
Baseline mean IOP levels were similar across the groups. By week 8, reductions were observed in all 3 groups (P<0.001 for each). Travoprost-treated patients' IOP levels were reduced 8.7 and 8.1 mm Hg at 8 and 10 AM, respectively. Latanoprost-treated patients experienced 4.8 and 5.3 mm Hg reductions, whereas bimatoprost-treated patients experienced 5.5 and 4.9 mm Hg reductions at these time points. The amount of IOP reduction seen at 8 and 10 AM in travoprost group was significantly higher when compared with latanoprost and bimatoprost-treated group (P<0.001).
Latanoprost, bimatoprost, and travoprost were comparable in their ability to reduce IOP in open-angle glaucoma patients. On the basis of our data, the IOP reduction of these drugs is indistinguishable within statistical parameters.