Structure and inhibition of orotidine 5'-monophosphate decarboxylase from Plasmodium falciparum.Biochemistry. 2008 Mar 25; 47(12):3842-54.B
Orotidine 5'-monophosphate (OMP) decarboxylase from Plasmodium falciparum (PfODCase, EC 22.214.171.124) has been overexpressed, purified, subjected to kinetic and biochemical analysis, and crystallized. The native enzyme is a homodimer with a subunit molecular mass of 38 kDa. The saturation curve for OMP as a substrate conformed to Michaelis-Menten kinetics with K m = 350 +/- 60 nM and V max = 2.70 +/- 0.10 micromol/min/mg protein. Inhibition patterns for nucleoside 5'-monophosphate analogues were linear competitive with respect to OMP with a decreasing potency of inhibition of PfODCase in the order: pyrazofurin 5'-monophosphate (K i = 3.6 +/- 0.7 nM) > xanthosine 5'-monophosphate (XMP, K i = 4.4 +/- 0.7 nM) > 6-azauridine 5'-monophosphate (AzaUMP, K i = 12 +/- 3 nM) > allopurinol-3-riboside 5'-monophosphate (K i = 240 +/- 20 nM). XMP is an approximately 150-fold more potent inhibitor of PfODCase compared with the human enzyme. The structure of PfODCase was solved in the absence of ligand and displays a classic TIM-barrel fold characteristic of the enzyme. Both the phosphate-binding loop and the betaalpha5-loop have conformational flexibility, which may be associated with substrate capture and product release along the reaction pathway.