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Fatigue and health in a seafaring population.
Occup Med (Lond). 2008 May; 58(3):198-204.OM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Occupational fatigue is relatively common within the general population and has been linked to reduced performance, injury and longer term ill-health. Despite growing acknowledgement of this problem in the maritime sector, little research has been conducted into the risk factors, prevalence and consequences of seafarers' fatigue.

AIMS

To examine the prevalence of fatigue among seafarers, identify potential risk factors and assess possible links with poor performance and ill-health.

METHODS

Cross-sectional questionnaire survey of seafarers working in the offshore oil support, short-sea and deep-sea shipping industries. A number of tools were used including the fatigue subscale of the profile of fatigue-related symptoms, the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire, the General Health Questionnaire and the SF36 General Health scale.

RESULTS

In all, 1855 questionnaires were completed giving an overall response rate of 20%. Fatigue symptoms were associated with a range of occupational and environmental factors, many unique to seafaring. Reporting a greater number of risk factors was associated with greater fatigue [e.g. OR = 2.53 (1.90-3.35) for those with three or four risk factors and OR = 9.54 (6.95-13.09) for those with five or more risk factors]. There was also a strong link between fatigue and poorer cognitive and health outcomes, with fatigue the most important of a number of risk factors, accounting for 10-14% of the variance.

CONCLUSIONS

Seafarers' fatigue could impact on safety within the industry and may be linked to longer term individual ill-health. It can only be addressed by considering how multiple factors combine to contribute to fatigue.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Occupational and Health Psychology, Cardiff University, UK. wadsworthej@cardiff.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18310605

Citation

Wadsworth, Emma J K., et al. "Fatigue and Health in a Seafaring Population." Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England), vol. 58, no. 3, 2008, pp. 198-204.
Wadsworth EJ, Allen PH, McNamara RL, et al. Fatigue and health in a seafaring population. Occup Med (Lond). 2008;58(3):198-204.
Wadsworth, E. J., Allen, P. H., McNamara, R. L., & Smith, A. P. (2008). Fatigue and health in a seafaring population. Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England), 58(3), 198-204. https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqn008
Wadsworth EJ, et al. Fatigue and Health in a Seafaring Population. Occup Med (Lond). 2008;58(3):198-204. PubMed PMID: 18310605.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fatigue and health in a seafaring population. AU - Wadsworth,Emma J K, AU - Allen,Paul H, AU - McNamara,Rachel L, AU - Smith,Andrew P, Y1 - 2008/02/29/ PY - 2008/3/4/pubmed PY - 2009/5/2/medline PY - 2008/3/4/entrez SP - 198 EP - 204 JF - Occupational medicine (Oxford, England) JO - Occup Med (Lond) VL - 58 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Occupational fatigue is relatively common within the general population and has been linked to reduced performance, injury and longer term ill-health. Despite growing acknowledgement of this problem in the maritime sector, little research has been conducted into the risk factors, prevalence and consequences of seafarers' fatigue. AIMS: To examine the prevalence of fatigue among seafarers, identify potential risk factors and assess possible links with poor performance and ill-health. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire survey of seafarers working in the offshore oil support, short-sea and deep-sea shipping industries. A number of tools were used including the fatigue subscale of the profile of fatigue-related symptoms, the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire, the General Health Questionnaire and the SF36 General Health scale. RESULTS: In all, 1855 questionnaires were completed giving an overall response rate of 20%. Fatigue symptoms were associated with a range of occupational and environmental factors, many unique to seafaring. Reporting a greater number of risk factors was associated with greater fatigue [e.g. OR = 2.53 (1.90-3.35) for those with three or four risk factors and OR = 9.54 (6.95-13.09) for those with five or more risk factors]. There was also a strong link between fatigue and poorer cognitive and health outcomes, with fatigue the most important of a number of risk factors, accounting for 10-14% of the variance. CONCLUSIONS: Seafarers' fatigue could impact on safety within the industry and may be linked to longer term individual ill-health. It can only be addressed by considering how multiple factors combine to contribute to fatigue. SN - 1471-8405 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18310605/Fatigue_and_health_in_a_seafaring_population_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/occmed/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/occmed/kqn008 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -