Gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town, South Africa.AIDS Educ Prev. 2008 Feb; 20(1):56-64.AE
Because men account for nearly half of the HIV cases in South Africa, it is critical to understand the contexts in which they live and the behaviors in which they engage. The purpose of this study was to describe and examine gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town. We found that recent exposure to intimate partner violence among men was associated with all forms of drug use, whereas women who were recently abused were more likely to suffer from depression and problem drinking. We also found high levels of problem drinking among both men (58%) and women (42%). Men were more likely to use drugs. Exposure to community violence increased sexual risk behaviors among men. Overall, these gender differences have important implications for alcohol and drug prevention strategies as they relate to HIV transmission risk.