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Gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town, South Africa.
AIDS Educ Prev. 2008 Feb; 20(1):56-64.AE

Abstract

Because men account for nearly half of the HIV cases in South Africa, it is critical to understand the contexts in which they live and the behaviors in which they engage. The purpose of this study was to describe and examine gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town. We found that recent exposure to intimate partner violence among men was associated with all forms of drug use, whereas women who were recently abused were more likely to suffer from depression and problem drinking. We also found high levels of problem drinking among both men (58%) and women (42%). Men were more likely to use drugs. Exposure to community violence increased sexual risk behaviors among men. Overall, these gender differences have important implications for alcohol and drug prevention strategies as they relate to HIV transmission risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of International Health, Georgetown University, School of Nursing and Health Studies, Washington, DC 20057, USA. fyw@georgetown.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18312067

Citation

Wong, Frank Y., et al. "Gender Differences in Intimate Partner Violence On Substance Abuse, Sexual Risks, and Depression Among a Sample of South Africans in Cape Town, South Africa." AIDS Education and Prevention : Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education, vol. 20, no. 1, 2008, pp. 56-64.
Wong FY, Huang ZJ, DiGangi JA, et al. Gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town, South Africa. AIDS Educ Prev. 2008;20(1):56-64.
Wong, F. Y., Huang, Z. J., DiGangi, J. A., Thompson, E. E., & Smith, B. D. (2008). Gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town, South Africa. AIDS Education and Prevention : Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education, 20(1), 56-64. https://doi.org/10.1521/aeap.2008.20.1.56
Wong FY, et al. Gender Differences in Intimate Partner Violence On Substance Abuse, Sexual Risks, and Depression Among a Sample of South Africans in Cape Town, South Africa. AIDS Educ Prev. 2008;20(1):56-64. PubMed PMID: 18312067.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town, South Africa. AU - Wong,Frank Y, AU - Huang,Z Jennifer, AU - DiGangi,Julia A, AU - Thompson,Estina E, AU - Smith,Brian D, PY - 2008/3/4/pubmed PY - 2008/5/6/medline PY - 2008/3/4/entrez SP - 56 EP - 64 JF - AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education JO - AIDS Educ Prev VL - 20 IS - 1 N2 - Because men account for nearly half of the HIV cases in South Africa, it is critical to understand the contexts in which they live and the behaviors in which they engage. The purpose of this study was to describe and examine gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town. We found that recent exposure to intimate partner violence among men was associated with all forms of drug use, whereas women who were recently abused were more likely to suffer from depression and problem drinking. We also found high levels of problem drinking among both men (58%) and women (42%). Men were more likely to use drugs. Exposure to community violence increased sexual risk behaviors among men. Overall, these gender differences have important implications for alcohol and drug prevention strategies as they relate to HIV transmission risk. SN - 0899-9546 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18312067/Gender_differences_in_intimate_partner_violence_on_substance_abuse_sexual_risks_and_depression_among_a_sample_of_South_Africans_in_Cape_Town_South_Africa_ L2 - https://guilfordjournals.com/doi/10.1521/aeap.2008.20.1.56 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -