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Consumption of fruit and vegetables and risk of lung cancer: a case-control study in Galicia, Spain.
Nutrition 2008; 24(5):407-13N

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We analyzed the effect of fruit and vegetable intake on lung cancer risk in a population in northwest Spain.

METHODS

We analyzed data from a hospital-based case-control study including 295 histologically confirmed cases and 322 controls. Controls were patients attending the hospital for minor surgery. There was a minimum age limit of 35 y and sampling was carried out on a sex-frequency basis.

RESULTS

After adjustment for sex, age, tobacco use, and occupation, no protective effect of overall consumption of fruit was present (odds ratio 1.49, 95% confidence interval 0.81-2.73). Green leafy vegetables conferred a protective effect (odds ratio 0.50, 95% confidence interval 0.30-0.83).

CONCLUSION

These findings indicate that green leafy vegetables, rather than fruit, might have a genuine protective effect against lung cancer.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Galician Public Foundation for Health Emergencies-061, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18314310

Citation

Dosil-Díaz, Olga, et al. "Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables and Risk of Lung Cancer: a Case-control Study in Galicia, Spain." Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), vol. 24, no. 5, 2008, pp. 407-13.
Dosil-Díaz O, Ruano-Ravina A, Gestal-Otero JJ, et al. Consumption of fruit and vegetables and risk of lung cancer: a case-control study in Galicia, Spain. Nutrition. 2008;24(5):407-13.
Dosil-Díaz, O., Ruano-Ravina, A., Gestal-Otero, J. J., & Barros-Dios, J. M. (2008). Consumption of fruit and vegetables and risk of lung cancer: a case-control study in Galicia, Spain. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 24(5), pp. 407-13. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2008.01.005.
Dosil-Díaz O, et al. Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables and Risk of Lung Cancer: a Case-control Study in Galicia, Spain. Nutrition. 2008;24(5):407-13. PubMed PMID: 18314310.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Consumption of fruit and vegetables and risk of lung cancer: a case-control study in Galicia, Spain. AU - Dosil-Díaz,Olga, AU - Ruano-Ravina,Alberto, AU - Gestal-Otero,Juan J, AU - Barros-Dios,Juan M, Y1 - 2008/03/07/ PY - 2007/09/06/received PY - 2007/12/20/revised PY - 2008/01/10/accepted PY - 2008/3/4/pubmed PY - 2008/8/12/medline PY - 2008/3/4/entrez SP - 407 EP - 13 JF - Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) JO - Nutrition VL - 24 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the effect of fruit and vegetable intake on lung cancer risk in a population in northwest Spain. METHODS: We analyzed data from a hospital-based case-control study including 295 histologically confirmed cases and 322 controls. Controls were patients attending the hospital for minor surgery. There was a minimum age limit of 35 y and sampling was carried out on a sex-frequency basis. RESULTS: After adjustment for sex, age, tobacco use, and occupation, no protective effect of overall consumption of fruit was present (odds ratio 1.49, 95% confidence interval 0.81-2.73). Green leafy vegetables conferred a protective effect (odds ratio 0.50, 95% confidence interval 0.30-0.83). CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that green leafy vegetables, rather than fruit, might have a genuine protective effect against lung cancer. SN - 0899-9007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18314310/Consumption_of_fruit_and_vegetables_and_risk_of_lung_cancer:_a_case_control_study_in_Galicia_Spain_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0899-9007(08)00011-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -