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Vegetable-rich food pattern is related to obesity in China.
Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 Jun; 32(6):975-84.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the association between a vegetable-rich food pattern and obesity among Chinese adults.

DESIGN

A food pattern rich in vegetables is associated with lower risk of obesity and non-communicable chronic disease in Western countries. A similar food pattern is found in the Chinese population but the cooking method is different. A cross-sectional household survey of 2849 men and women aged 20 years and over was undertaken in 2002 in Jiangsu Province (response rate, 89.0%). Food intake was assessed by food frequency questionnaire. Factor analysis was used to identify food patterns. Nutrient intake was measured by food weighing plus consecutive individual 3-day food records. Height, weight and waist circumference were measured.

RESULTS

The prevalence of general obesity (BMI > or =28 kg m(-2)) was 8.0% in men and 12.7% in women, central obesity was 19.5% (> or =90 cm) and 38.2% (> or =80 cm), respectively. A four-factor solution explained 28.5% of the total variance in food frequency intake. The vegetable-rich food pattern (whole grains, fruits and vegetables) was positively associated with vegetable oil and energy intake. Prevalence of obesity/central obesity increased across the quartiles of vegetable-rich food pattern. After adjusting for sociodemographic factors and four distinct food patterns, the vegetable-rich pattern was independently associated with obesity. Compared with the lowest quartile of vegetable-rich pattern, the highest quartile had higher risk of general obesity (men, prevalence ratio (PR): 1.82, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.05-3.14; women, PR: 2.25, 95% CI: 1.45-3.49).

CONCLUSION

The vegetable-rich food pattern was associated with higher risk of obesity/central obesity in Chinese adults in both genders. This association can be linked to the high intake of energy due to generous use of oil for stir-frying the vegetables.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, China. zumins@vip.sina.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18317472

Citation

Shi, Z, et al. "Vegetable-rich Food Pattern Is Related to Obesity in China." International Journal of Obesity (2005), vol. 32, no. 6, 2008, pp. 975-84.
Shi Z, Hu X, Yuan B, et al. Vegetable-rich food pattern is related to obesity in China. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008;32(6):975-84.
Shi, Z., Hu, X., Yuan, B., Hu, G., Pan, X., Dai, Y., Byles, J. E., & Holmboe-Ottesen, G. (2008). Vegetable-rich food pattern is related to obesity in China. International Journal of Obesity (2005), 32(6), 975-84. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2008.21
Shi Z, et al. Vegetable-rich Food Pattern Is Related to Obesity in China. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008;32(6):975-84. PubMed PMID: 18317472.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vegetable-rich food pattern is related to obesity in China. AU - Shi,Z, AU - Hu,X, AU - Yuan,B, AU - Hu,G, AU - Pan,X, AU - Dai,Y, AU - Byles,J E, AU - Holmboe-Ottesen,G, Y1 - 2008/03/04/ PY - 2008/3/5/pubmed PY - 2009/1/1/medline PY - 2008/3/5/entrez SP - 975 EP - 84 JF - International journal of obesity (2005) JO - Int J Obes (Lond) VL - 32 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between a vegetable-rich food pattern and obesity among Chinese adults. DESIGN: A food pattern rich in vegetables is associated with lower risk of obesity and non-communicable chronic disease in Western countries. A similar food pattern is found in the Chinese population but the cooking method is different. A cross-sectional household survey of 2849 men and women aged 20 years and over was undertaken in 2002 in Jiangsu Province (response rate, 89.0%). Food intake was assessed by food frequency questionnaire. Factor analysis was used to identify food patterns. Nutrient intake was measured by food weighing plus consecutive individual 3-day food records. Height, weight and waist circumference were measured. RESULTS: The prevalence of general obesity (BMI > or =28 kg m(-2)) was 8.0% in men and 12.7% in women, central obesity was 19.5% (> or =90 cm) and 38.2% (> or =80 cm), respectively. A four-factor solution explained 28.5% of the total variance in food frequency intake. The vegetable-rich food pattern (whole grains, fruits and vegetables) was positively associated with vegetable oil and energy intake. Prevalence of obesity/central obesity increased across the quartiles of vegetable-rich food pattern. After adjusting for sociodemographic factors and four distinct food patterns, the vegetable-rich pattern was independently associated with obesity. Compared with the lowest quartile of vegetable-rich pattern, the highest quartile had higher risk of general obesity (men, prevalence ratio (PR): 1.82, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.05-3.14; women, PR: 2.25, 95% CI: 1.45-3.49). CONCLUSION: The vegetable-rich food pattern was associated with higher risk of obesity/central obesity in Chinese adults in both genders. This association can be linked to the high intake of energy due to generous use of oil for stir-frying the vegetables. SN - 1476-5497 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18317472/Vegetable_rich_food_pattern_is_related_to_obesity_in_China_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2008.21 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -