Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Prevalence of iron deficiency in children 6-24 months in Lagos.
Nig Q J Hosp Med. 2007 Jul-Sep; 17(3):97-100.NQ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Iron deficiency is the commonest cause of nutritional anaemia in children worldwide particularly in developing countries. Infants and toddlers are prone to developing iron deficiency anaemia (IDA). This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of IDA and some factors associated with it in this group of children.

STUDY DESIGN

Haemoglobin concentration and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) estimations carried out in 282 apparently well children aged 6-24 months. Estimations of serum iron (SI), total iron binding capacity (TIBC), serum ferritin (SF) and transferrin saturation (TS) were also determined in children with anaemia (Hb concentration < 11.0 g/dl). Information on current diet was also obtained using a diet record.

RESULTS

Two hundred and twenty three (79.1%) children had anaemia. The mean Hb concentrations of all the age groups were less than 11.0 g/dl. Forty (14.9%) children had IDA (defined as aneamia plus 2 or more of the following--MCV < 70fl, Ts < 10% or SF < 10 microg/dL). The mean age of children with IDA (8.96 +/- 2.54 months) was statistically lower than for those without the condition 10.94 +/- 4.55 months (p = 0.016). Inclusion of vegetables and animal protein less than three times a week in the diet were both significantly associated with IDA.

CONCLUSION

The prevalence of IDA in this study is high especially before the age of 12 months and an average weekly intake less than 3 times a week or iron rich foods like animal protein and vegetables was significantly associated with IDA. Emphasis should be on the inclusion of iron rich foods in the diet following exclusive breastfeeding to reduce the prevalence of IDA in these children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

General Hospital Isolo.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18318103

Citation

Fajolu, I B., et al. "Prevalence of Iron Deficiency in Children 6-24 Months in Lagos." Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine, vol. 17, no. 3, 2007, pp. 97-100.
Fajolu IB, Grange OA, Renner JK, et al. Prevalence of iron deficiency in children 6-24 months in Lagos. Nig Q J Hosp Med. 2007;17(3):97-100.
Fajolu, I. B., Grange, O. A., Renner, J. K., Odunukwe, N. W., Njokanma, O. F., Ahmed, O. A., & Efenemokwu, C. (2007). Prevalence of iron deficiency in children 6-24 months in Lagos. Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine, 17(3), 97-100.
Fajolu IB, et al. Prevalence of Iron Deficiency in Children 6-24 Months in Lagos. Nig Q J Hosp Med. 2007 Jul-Sep;17(3):97-100. PubMed PMID: 18318103.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of iron deficiency in children 6-24 months in Lagos. AU - Fajolu,I B, AU - Grange,O A, AU - Renner,J K, AU - Odunukwe,N W, AU - Njokanma,O F, AU - Ahmed,O A, AU - Efenemokwu,C, PY - 2008/3/6/pubmed PY - 2008/4/12/medline PY - 2008/3/6/entrez SP - 97 EP - 100 JF - Nigerian quarterly journal of hospital medicine JO - Nig Q J Hosp Med VL - 17 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is the commonest cause of nutritional anaemia in children worldwide particularly in developing countries. Infants and toddlers are prone to developing iron deficiency anaemia (IDA). This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of IDA and some factors associated with it in this group of children. STUDY DESIGN: Haemoglobin concentration and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) estimations carried out in 282 apparently well children aged 6-24 months. Estimations of serum iron (SI), total iron binding capacity (TIBC), serum ferritin (SF) and transferrin saturation (TS) were also determined in children with anaemia (Hb concentration < 11.0 g/dl). Information on current diet was also obtained using a diet record. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty three (79.1%) children had anaemia. The mean Hb concentrations of all the age groups were less than 11.0 g/dl. Forty (14.9%) children had IDA (defined as aneamia plus 2 or more of the following--MCV < 70fl, Ts < 10% or SF < 10 microg/dL). The mean age of children with IDA (8.96 +/- 2.54 months) was statistically lower than for those without the condition 10.94 +/- 4.55 months (p = 0.016). Inclusion of vegetables and animal protein less than three times a week in the diet were both significantly associated with IDA. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of IDA in this study is high especially before the age of 12 months and an average weekly intake less than 3 times a week or iron rich foods like animal protein and vegetables was significantly associated with IDA. Emphasis should be on the inclusion of iron rich foods in the diet following exclusive breastfeeding to reduce the prevalence of IDA in these children. SN - 0189-2657 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18318103/Prevalence_of_iron_deficiency_in_children_6_24_months_in_Lagos_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -