Increased adhesive properties of neutrophils in sickle cell disease may be reversed by pharmacological nitric oxide donation.Haematologica. 2008 Apr; 93(4):605-9.H
Increased leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium contributes to vaso-occlusion in sickle cell disease. Since nitric oxide bioavailability is decreased in sickle cell disease and nitric oxide may inhibit leukocyte adhesion, we investigated whether stimulation of NO-signaling pathways can reduce the adhesive properties of neutrophils from sickle cell disease individuals (sickle cell diseaseneu). sickle cell diseaseneu presented greater adhesion in vitro to both fibronectin and ICAM-1 than control neutrophils. Co-incubation of sickle cell diseaseneu with the nitric oxide-donor agents, sodium nitroprusside and dietheylamine NONOate (DEANO), and the guanylate cyclase stimulator, BAY41-2272, all significantly reduced the increased adhesion to fibronectin/ICAM-1. Oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one, a guanylate cyclase inhibitor, reversed sodium nitroprusside/DEANO-diminished adhesion to fibronectin, implicating cGMP-dependent signaling in this mechanism. Interestingly, intracellular cGMP was significantly higher in neutrophils from sickle cell disease individuals on hydroxyurea (sickle cell diseaseHUneu). Accordingly, sickle cell diseaseHUneu adhesion to fibronectin/ICAM-1 was significantly lower than that of sickle cell diseaseneu. Agents that stimulate the nitric oxide/cGMP-dependent pathway may have beneficial effects on leukocyte function if used in these subjects.