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Predictors of self-assessed physical and mental health of Icelandic nurses: results from a national survey.
Int J Nurs Stud. 2008 Oct; 45(10):1479-89.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Recent health care organizational changes have been associated with stress and musculoskeletal disorders in nurses. However, studies are lacking on what factors are the most important predictors of poor self-assessed health among nurses.

OBJECTIVES

To describe and identify the self-assessed predictors of physical and mental health of nurses.

PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN

A cross-sectional design was used with a sample of 394 nurses, drawn from the registry of the Icelandic Nurses' Association, representing 17% of the workforce of Icelandic nurses.

METHODS

Data were collected with a self-administered questionnaire, addressing symptoms, illness and treatment, lifestyle and sleep, work and working environment, family and quality of family life. Data were analysed according to nurses' assessment of their physical and mental health (very good/good; poor/very poor) by use of analysis of variance, chi-square and stepwise multiple linear regression.

RESULTS

21.7% of participants assessed their physical health as poor or very poor and 14.3% assessed their mental health as such. Those who assess their physical or mental health poor/very poor, as compared to the others, reported more symptoms in general, less regular exercise, as well as more use of medication, more visits to physicians, trouble with sleeping, conflicts between work and family life, work absence, and they experience their work as more strenuous. Experiencing symptoms is an important predictor of both physical and mental health of nurses.

CONCLUSION

Various factors, including work-, family- and socio-cultural environment, play a role in how nurses assesses their health. During our present time of nurse shortage it is imperative that the authorities take special measures in order to improve the work environment of nurses.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Nursing, University of Iceland, Eiriksgata 34, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland. herdis@hi.isNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18329648

Citation

Sveinsdóttir, Herdís, and Hólmfrídur K. Gunnarsdóttir. "Predictors of Self-assessed Physical and Mental Health of Icelandic Nurses: Results From a National Survey." International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 45, no. 10, 2008, pp. 1479-89.
Sveinsdóttir H, Gunnarsdóttir HK. Predictors of self-assessed physical and mental health of Icelandic nurses: results from a national survey. Int J Nurs Stud. 2008;45(10):1479-89.
Sveinsdóttir, H., & Gunnarsdóttir, H. K. (2008). Predictors of self-assessed physical and mental health of Icelandic nurses: results from a national survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 45(10), 1479-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2008.01.007
Sveinsdóttir H, Gunnarsdóttir HK. Predictors of Self-assessed Physical and Mental Health of Icelandic Nurses: Results From a National Survey. Int J Nurs Stud. 2008;45(10):1479-89. PubMed PMID: 18329648.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Predictors of self-assessed physical and mental health of Icelandic nurses: results from a national survey. AU - Sveinsdóttir,Herdís, AU - Gunnarsdóttir,Hólmfrídur K, Y1 - 2008/03/10/ PY - 2007/06/20/received PY - 2008/01/09/revised PY - 2008/01/18/accepted PY - 2008/3/11/pubmed PY - 2009/1/17/medline PY - 2008/3/11/entrez SP - 1479 EP - 89 JF - International journal of nursing studies JO - Int J Nurs Stud VL - 45 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Recent health care organizational changes have been associated with stress and musculoskeletal disorders in nurses. However, studies are lacking on what factors are the most important predictors of poor self-assessed health among nurses. OBJECTIVES: To describe and identify the self-assessed predictors of physical and mental health of nurses. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was used with a sample of 394 nurses, drawn from the registry of the Icelandic Nurses' Association, representing 17% of the workforce of Icelandic nurses. METHODS: Data were collected with a self-administered questionnaire, addressing symptoms, illness and treatment, lifestyle and sleep, work and working environment, family and quality of family life. Data were analysed according to nurses' assessment of their physical and mental health (very good/good; poor/very poor) by use of analysis of variance, chi-square and stepwise multiple linear regression. RESULTS: 21.7% of participants assessed their physical health as poor or very poor and 14.3% assessed their mental health as such. Those who assess their physical or mental health poor/very poor, as compared to the others, reported more symptoms in general, less regular exercise, as well as more use of medication, more visits to physicians, trouble with sleeping, conflicts between work and family life, work absence, and they experience their work as more strenuous. Experiencing symptoms is an important predictor of both physical and mental health of nurses. CONCLUSION: Various factors, including work-, family- and socio-cultural environment, play a role in how nurses assesses their health. During our present time of nurse shortage it is imperative that the authorities take special measures in order to improve the work environment of nurses. SN - 0020-7489 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18329648/Predictors_of_self_assessed_physical_and_mental_health_of_Icelandic_nurses:_results_from_a_national_survey_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0020-7489(08)00027-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -