Endothelium removal augments endothelium-independent vasodilatation in rat mesenteric vascular bed.Br J Pharmacol. 2008 May; 154(1):32-40.BJ
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
The vascular endothelium regulates vascular tone by releasing various endothelium-derived vasoactive substances to counteract excess vascular response. We investigated whether the vascular endothelium regulates vasodilatation via released endothelium-derived contracting factors (EDCFs), by examining the effect of endothelium removal on responses to periarterial nerve stimulation (PNS) and various vasodilator agents.
The rat mesenteric vascular bed was perfused with Krebs solution. Vasodilator responses to PNS and 5 min perfusion of vasodilator agents in preparations with endothelium were compared with those in the same preparations without endothelium. The endothelium was removed by 30 s perfusion with sodium deoxycholate.
Endothelium removal significantly augmented vasodilator responses to PNS and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), isoprenaline (beta-adrenoceptor agonist), SNP and 8-bromo-cGMP (8-Br-cGMP; cGMP analogue) but not BAY41-2272 (soluble guanylate cyclase activator). The augmentation of SNP-induced vasodilatation after denudation was much greater than that of CGRP- or isoprenaline-induced vasodilatation. In the preparations with an intact endothelium, L-NAME (nitric oxide synthase inhibitor) significantly augmented vasodilator responses to PNS and CGRP, isoprenaline, SNP and 8-Br-cGMP, but not BAY41-2272. Indomethacin (cyclooxygenase inhibitor) and seratrodast (thromboxane A(2) receptor antagonist), but not phosphoramidon (endothelin-1-converting enzyme inhibitor) or BQ-123 (selective endothelin type A receptor antagonists), significantly augmented vasodilator responses to PNS and CGRP, isoprenaline, SNP and BAY41-2272.
CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATION
These results suggest that the endothelium in rat mesenteric arteries regulates and maintains vascular tone via counteracting not only vasoconstriction through releasing endothelium-derived relaxing factors, but also vasodilatation, in part by releasing an EDCF, thromboxane A(2).