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Neuromagnetic activity during recognition of emotional pictures.
Brain Topogr. 2008 Jun; 20(4):192-204.BT

Abstract

Recently studied 'old' stimuli lead to larger frontal and parietal ERP responses than 'new' stimuli. The present experiment investigated the neuromagnetic correlates (MEG) of this 'old-new' effect and its modulation by emotional stimulus content. Highly arousing pleasant, highly arousing unpleasant and un-arousing neutral photographs were presented to the participants with the instruction to memorize them. They were later re-presented together with new photographs in an old-new decision task. In line with previous ERP studies, a long-lasting old-new effect (350-700 ms) was found. Independently, an emotion effect also occurred, as reflected in a, particularly left temporal, activity increase for emotional pictures between 450 and 580 ms. Moreover, only for the pleasant pictures did the early part of the old-new effect, which is thought to reflect familiarity based recognition processes, interact with picture content: The old-new effect for pleasant pictures in frontal regions was larger than the one for neutral or unpleasant pictures between 350 and 450 ms. In parallel, subjects' responses were accelerated towards and biased in favour of classifying pleasant pictures as old. However, when false alarm rate was taken into account, there was no significant effect of emotional content on recognition accuracy. In sum, this MEG study demonstrates an effect of particularly pleasant emotional content on recognition memory which may be mediated by a familiarity based process.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, D25, Konstanz 78457, Germany. Johanna.Kissler@uni-konstanz.deNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18335310

Citation

Kissler, Johanna, and Anne Hauswald. "Neuromagnetic Activity During Recognition of Emotional Pictures." Brain Topography, vol. 20, no. 4, 2008, pp. 192-204.
Kissler J, Hauswald A. Neuromagnetic activity during recognition of emotional pictures. Brain Topogr. 2008;20(4):192-204.
Kissler, J., & Hauswald, A. (2008). Neuromagnetic activity during recognition of emotional pictures. Brain Topography, 20(4), 192-204. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10548-008-0044-7
Kissler J, Hauswald A. Neuromagnetic Activity During Recognition of Emotional Pictures. Brain Topogr. 2008;20(4):192-204. PubMed PMID: 18335310.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Neuromagnetic activity during recognition of emotional pictures. AU - Kissler,Johanna, AU - Hauswald,Anne, Y1 - 2008/03/12/ PY - 2007/12/01/received PY - 2008/02/14/accepted PY - 2008/3/13/pubmed PY - 2008/7/31/medline PY - 2008/3/13/entrez SP - 192 EP - 204 JF - Brain topography JO - Brain Topogr VL - 20 IS - 4 N2 - Recently studied 'old' stimuli lead to larger frontal and parietal ERP responses than 'new' stimuli. The present experiment investigated the neuromagnetic correlates (MEG) of this 'old-new' effect and its modulation by emotional stimulus content. Highly arousing pleasant, highly arousing unpleasant and un-arousing neutral photographs were presented to the participants with the instruction to memorize them. They were later re-presented together with new photographs in an old-new decision task. In line with previous ERP studies, a long-lasting old-new effect (350-700 ms) was found. Independently, an emotion effect also occurred, as reflected in a, particularly left temporal, activity increase for emotional pictures between 450 and 580 ms. Moreover, only for the pleasant pictures did the early part of the old-new effect, which is thought to reflect familiarity based recognition processes, interact with picture content: The old-new effect for pleasant pictures in frontal regions was larger than the one for neutral or unpleasant pictures between 350 and 450 ms. In parallel, subjects' responses were accelerated towards and biased in favour of classifying pleasant pictures as old. However, when false alarm rate was taken into account, there was no significant effect of emotional content on recognition accuracy. In sum, this MEG study demonstrates an effect of particularly pleasant emotional content on recognition memory which may be mediated by a familiarity based process. SN - 0896-0267 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18335310/Neuromagnetic_activity_during_recognition_of_emotional_pictures_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -