New strategies for the treatment of hyperparathyroidism incorporating calcimimetics.Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2008 Apr; 9(5):795-811.EO
Hyperparathyroidism (HPT), characterised by increased parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion and parathyroid hyperplasia, can be caused by physiologic defects in the parathyroid gland (primary HPT [PHPT]) or as a consequence of declining renal function (secondary HPT [SHPT]).
To review the safety and efficacy of cinacalcet in the treatment of SHPT and PHPT.
Studies indexed in NLM/PubMed investigating the safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of cinacalcet for PHPT and SHPT and supporting preclinical evidence.
Recent evidence has demonstrated the efficacy of the calcimimetic cinacalcet in the treatment of PHPT and SHPT. Compared with traditional therapies such as vitamin D sterols and phosphate binders, cinacalcet treatment can allow an increased proportion of patients with SHPT to improve Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) Bone Metabolism and Disease laboratory parameter target attainment. Recent evidence suggests that improvements in these biochemical parameters with cinacalcet can translate into improved morbidity and mortality. Cinacalcet lowers PTH and calcium in patients following renal transplantation, and also normalises serum calcium in patients with PHPT. Ongoing studies are focusing and future studies are likely to focus on the effect of cinacalcet on clinical outcomes and on novel strategies for the integration of cinacalcet with traditional therapies to improve serum PTH and mineral metabolism control.