Aliskiren: clinical experience and future perspectives of renin inhibition.Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2008 Apr; 9(5):825-37.EO
Aliskiren, the first renin inhibitor with sufficient bioavailability for oral use, is now available to clinicians treating hypertension.
The novel mechanism by which aliskiren works was used to provide understanding of its therapeutic and adverse effects.
After reviewing physiology and preclinical studies, human studies of aliskiren in hypertension were reviewed. Effects of aliskiren on serum levels and enzymatic activity of renin were explored.
Aliskiren has antihypertensive efficacy similar to existing medications such as thiazide diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers, and can be used in drug combinations. Preclinical studies indicate possible cardioprotective and renoprotective effects, similar to other inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin cascade, but future studies are needed in humans.