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Fast food consumption and increased caloric intake: a systematic review of a trajectory towards weight gain and obesity risk.

Abstract

Consumption of fast food, which have high energy densities and glycemic loads, and expose customers to excessive portion sizes, may be greatly contributing to and escalating the rates of overweight and obesity in the USA. Whether an association exists between fast food consumption and weight gain is unclear. Sixteen studies (six cross sectional, seven prospective cohort, three experimental) meeting methodological and relevance criteria were selected for inclusion in this systematic review. While more research needs to be conducted specifically in regard to effects of fast food consumption among subpopulations such as children and adolescents, sufficient evidence exists for public health recommendations to limit fast food consumption and facilitate healthier menu selection. As the fast food industry continues to increase both domestically and abroad, the scientific findings and corresponding public health implications of the association between fast food consumption and weight are critical.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    Harvard School of Public Health, 667 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. rrosenhe@hsph.harvard.edu

    Source

    MeSH

    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Diet
    Diet Surveys
    Energy Intake
    Feeding Behavior
    Humans
    Obesity
    Prospective Studies
    Weight Gain

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review
    Systematic Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    18346099

    Citation

    Rosenheck, R. "Fast Food Consumption and Increased Caloric Intake: a Systematic Review of a Trajectory Towards Weight Gain and Obesity Risk." Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 9, no. 6, 2008, pp. 535-47.
    Rosenheck R. Fast food consumption and increased caloric intake: a systematic review of a trajectory towards weight gain and obesity risk. Obes Rev. 2008;9(6):535-47.
    Rosenheck, R. (2008). Fast food consumption and increased caloric intake: a systematic review of a trajectory towards weight gain and obesity risk. Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 9(6), pp. 535-47. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00477.x.
    Rosenheck R. Fast Food Consumption and Increased Caloric Intake: a Systematic Review of a Trajectory Towards Weight Gain and Obesity Risk. Obes Rev. 2008;9(6):535-47. PubMed PMID: 18346099.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Fast food consumption and increased caloric intake: a systematic review of a trajectory towards weight gain and obesity risk. A1 - Rosenheck,R, Y1 - 2008/03/14/ PY - 2008/3/19/entrez PY - 2008/3/19/pubmed PY - 2009/2/20/medline SP - 535 EP - 47 JF - Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Obes Rev VL - 9 IS - 6 N2 - Consumption of fast food, which have high energy densities and glycemic loads, and expose customers to excessive portion sizes, may be greatly contributing to and escalating the rates of overweight and obesity in the USA. Whether an association exists between fast food consumption and weight gain is unclear. Sixteen studies (six cross sectional, seven prospective cohort, three experimental) meeting methodological and relevance criteria were selected for inclusion in this systematic review. While more research needs to be conducted specifically in regard to effects of fast food consumption among subpopulations such as children and adolescents, sufficient evidence exists for public health recommendations to limit fast food consumption and facilitate healthier menu selection. As the fast food industry continues to increase both domestically and abroad, the scientific findings and corresponding public health implications of the association between fast food consumption and weight are critical. SN - 1467-789X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18346099/full_citation L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00477.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -