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Disordered eating and substance use in high-school students: results from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System.
Int J Eat Disord. 2008 Jul; 41(5):464-70.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the association between disordered eating (fasting, diet product use, and vomiting or laxative use) and use of 10 substances (cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, inhalants, heroin, methamphetamines, ecstasy, steroids, and hallucinogens) in a nationally representative adolescent sample.

METHOD

Participants were 13,917 U.S. high-school students participating in the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System.

RESULTS

Disordered eating was significantly associated with the use of each substance. Using effect size estimates that take base rates into consideration, for female students, associations between substance use and disordered eating were weak for all but three forms of substance use: current smoking, binge drinking, and inhalants. Among male students, strong (marijuana, steroids, and inhalants) or moderate effects (all other substances) were observed.

CONCLUSION

Future research needs to focus on inhalant use and methamphetamine use in males. Increased medical attention should be directed toward adolescents who practice disordered eating behaviors because they are also at elevated risk for using cigarettes, alcohol, inhalants, methamphetamines, and steroids.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT 06459, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18348283

Citation

Pisetsky, Emily M., et al. "Disordered Eating and Substance Use in High-school Students: Results From the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System." The International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol. 41, no. 5, 2008, pp. 464-70.
Pisetsky EM, Chao YM, Dierker LC, et al. Disordered eating and substance use in high-school students: results from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. Int J Eat Disord. 2008;41(5):464-70.
Pisetsky, E. M., Chao, Y. M., Dierker, L. C., May, A. M., & Striegel-Moore, R. H. (2008). Disordered eating and substance use in high-school students: results from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. The International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41(5), 464-70. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.20520
Pisetsky EM, et al. Disordered Eating and Substance Use in High-school Students: Results From the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. Int J Eat Disord. 2008;41(5):464-70. PubMed PMID: 18348283.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Disordered eating and substance use in high-school students: results from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. AU - Pisetsky,Emily M, AU - Chao,Y May, AU - Dierker,Lisa C, AU - May,Alexis M, AU - Striegel-Moore,Ruth H, PY - 2008/3/19/pubmed PY - 2008/9/3/medline PY - 2008/3/19/entrez SP - 464 EP - 70 JF - The International journal of eating disorders JO - Int J Eat Disord VL - 41 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between disordered eating (fasting, diet product use, and vomiting or laxative use) and use of 10 substances (cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, inhalants, heroin, methamphetamines, ecstasy, steroids, and hallucinogens) in a nationally representative adolescent sample. METHOD: Participants were 13,917 U.S. high-school students participating in the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. RESULTS: Disordered eating was significantly associated with the use of each substance. Using effect size estimates that take base rates into consideration, for female students, associations between substance use and disordered eating were weak for all but three forms of substance use: current smoking, binge drinking, and inhalants. Among male students, strong (marijuana, steroids, and inhalants) or moderate effects (all other substances) were observed. CONCLUSION: Future research needs to focus on inhalant use and methamphetamine use in males. Increased medical attention should be directed toward adolescents who practice disordered eating behaviors because they are also at elevated risk for using cigarettes, alcohol, inhalants, methamphetamines, and steroids. SN - 1098-108X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18348283/Disordered_eating_and_substance_use_in_high_school_students:_results_from_the_Youth_Risk_Behavior_Surveillance_System_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.20520 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -