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Prevalence and risk factors of facial acne vulgaris among Chinese adolescents.
Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2007 Oct-Dec; 19(4):407-12.IJ

Abstract

Acne vulgaris, a very common condition among adolescents, can result in psychological distress, including anxiety and depression. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors of acne vulgaris among Chinese adolescents. In the Zhou Hai district of Guangdong Province, 3163 students 10 to 18 years old were selected from 7 schools. Information was collected using self-administrated questionnaIres and physician examinations. The prevalence of acne vulgaris was calculated from the collected data. Potential risk factors including age, gender, diet, skin type, sleeping habits, and facial make-up use were analyzed using stepwise logistic regression. The results showed a prevalence of acne vuglaris of 53.5% in all adolescents, with 51.3% in males and 58.6% in females. The prevalence of inflammatory acne in males and females combined was 25.8% and of acne scarring 7.1%. Increased age was related to higher prevalence and severity of acne vulgaris: 15.6%, 44.9%, and 70.4% for 10, 13, and 16 year olds, respectively. Acne vulgaris was more prevalent in girls under and boys over 14 years of age. Significant risk factors of acne vuglaris included age, skin type (oily, mixed, or neutral skin in comparison with dry skin), insufficient sleep, and cosmetic make-up use.

CONCLUSION

Acne vulgaris is prevalent among Chinese adolescents 10 to 18 years old. Health education to address this condition in Chinese adolescents could have important implications for public health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Guangdong Center for Skin Diseases and STDs Prevention and Treatment, Guang Zhou, Guangdong Province, China. tq_wu@163.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18348416

Citation

Wu, Tie-Qang, et al. "Prevalence and Risk Factors of Facial Acne Vulgaris Among Chinese Adolescents." International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 19, no. 4, 2007, pp. 407-12.
Wu TQ, Mei SQ, Zhang JX, et al. Prevalence and risk factors of facial acne vulgaris among Chinese adolescents. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2007;19(4):407-12.
Wu, T. Q., Mei, S. Q., Zhang, J. X., Gong, L. F., Wu, F. J., Wu, W. H., Li, J., Lin, M., & Diao, J. X. (2007). Prevalence and risk factors of facial acne vulgaris among Chinese adolescents. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 19(4), 407-12.
Wu TQ, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Facial Acne Vulgaris Among Chinese Adolescents. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2007 Oct-Dec;19(4):407-12. PubMed PMID: 18348416.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and risk factors of facial acne vulgaris among Chinese adolescents. AU - Wu,Tie-Qang, AU - Mei,Shu-Qing, AU - Zhang,Jin-Xin, AU - Gong,Long-Fen, AU - Wu,Fen-Jin, AU - Wu,Wei-Hong, AU - Li,Jun, AU - Lin,Min, AU - Diao,Jian-Xing, PY - 2008/3/20/pubmed PY - 2008/5/7/medline PY - 2008/3/20/entrez SP - 407 EP - 12 JF - International journal of adolescent medicine and health JO - Int J Adolesc Med Health VL - 19 IS - 4 N2 - UNLABELLED: Acne vulgaris, a very common condition among adolescents, can result in psychological distress, including anxiety and depression. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors of acne vulgaris among Chinese adolescents. In the Zhou Hai district of Guangdong Province, 3163 students 10 to 18 years old were selected from 7 schools. Information was collected using self-administrated questionnaIres and physician examinations. The prevalence of acne vulgaris was calculated from the collected data. Potential risk factors including age, gender, diet, skin type, sleeping habits, and facial make-up use were analyzed using stepwise logistic regression. The results showed a prevalence of acne vuglaris of 53.5% in all adolescents, with 51.3% in males and 58.6% in females. The prevalence of inflammatory acne in males and females combined was 25.8% and of acne scarring 7.1%. Increased age was related to higher prevalence and severity of acne vulgaris: 15.6%, 44.9%, and 70.4% for 10, 13, and 16 year olds, respectively. Acne vulgaris was more prevalent in girls under and boys over 14 years of age. Significant risk factors of acne vuglaris included age, skin type (oily, mixed, or neutral skin in comparison with dry skin), insufficient sleep, and cosmetic make-up use. CONCLUSION: Acne vulgaris is prevalent among Chinese adolescents 10 to 18 years old. Health education to address this condition in Chinese adolescents could have important implications for public health. SN - 0334-0139 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18348416/Prevalence_and_risk_factors_of_facial_acne_vulgaris_among_Chinese_adolescents_ L2 - https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/ijamh.2007.19.4.407 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -