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Micronutrient deficiencies and anemia among preschool children in rural Vietnam.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2008; 17(1):48-55AP

Abstract

The prevalence of trace elements deficiencies, vitamin A deficiency, anemia, and their relationships were investigated in a cross sectional study involving 243 children aged from 12 to 72 months in rural Vietnam. Serum levels of copper, zinc, selenium and magnesium were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer and that of retinol by high performance liquid chromatography. Hemoglobin concentration in whole blood was measured by the cyanmethemoglobin method. The prevalence of deficiencies in zinc, selenium, magnesium, and copper was 86.9%, 62.3%, 51.9%, and 1.7%, respectively. On the other hand, 55.6% were anemic and 11.3% had vitamin A deficiency. Deficiency in two or more micronutrient was found in 79.4% of the children. Parameters associated significantly with anemia were selenium deficiency (OR 2.80 95% CI 1.63-4.80, p=0.0002) and serum retinol<1.05 micromol/L (OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.10-3.05, p=0.021). Magnesium deficiency (OR 3.09 95% CI 1.36-7.03) was found to be a risk factor for zinc deficiency and vice versa. The results indicate that micronutrient deficiencies are prevalent among preschool children in Vietnam. In addition, the results also demonstrate a strong relationship between selenium deficiency and anemia. Clearly, sustainable strategies are urgently required to overcome the problems in the country.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18364326

Citation

Van Nhien, Nguyen, et al. "Micronutrient Deficiencies and Anemia Among Preschool Children in Rural Vietnam." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 17, no. 1, 2008, pp. 48-55.
Van Nhien N, Khan NC, Ninh NX, et al. Micronutrient deficiencies and anemia among preschool children in rural Vietnam. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008;17(1):48-55.
Van Nhien, N., Khan, N. C., Ninh, N. X., Van Huan, P., Hop, l. e. . T., Lam, N. T., ... Nakaya, Y. (2008). Micronutrient deficiencies and anemia among preschool children in rural Vietnam. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 17(1), pp. 48-55.
Van Nhien N, et al. Micronutrient Deficiencies and Anemia Among Preschool Children in Rural Vietnam. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008;17(1):48-55. PubMed PMID: 18364326.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Micronutrient deficiencies and anemia among preschool children in rural Vietnam. AU - Van Nhien,Nguyen, AU - Khan,Nguyen Cong, AU - Ninh,Nguyen Xuan, AU - Van Huan,Phan, AU - Hop,Le Thi, AU - Lam,Nguyen Thi, AU - Ota,Fusao, AU - Yabutani,Tomoki, AU - Hoa,Vu Quynh, AU - Motonaka,Junko, AU - Nishikawa,Takeshi, AU - Nakaya,Yutaka, PY - 2008/3/28/pubmed PY - 2008/9/17/medline PY - 2008/3/28/entrez SP - 48 EP - 55 JF - Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition JO - Asia Pac J Clin Nutr VL - 17 IS - 1 N2 - The prevalence of trace elements deficiencies, vitamin A deficiency, anemia, and their relationships were investigated in a cross sectional study involving 243 children aged from 12 to 72 months in rural Vietnam. Serum levels of copper, zinc, selenium and magnesium were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer and that of retinol by high performance liquid chromatography. Hemoglobin concentration in whole blood was measured by the cyanmethemoglobin method. The prevalence of deficiencies in zinc, selenium, magnesium, and copper was 86.9%, 62.3%, 51.9%, and 1.7%, respectively. On the other hand, 55.6% were anemic and 11.3% had vitamin A deficiency. Deficiency in two or more micronutrient was found in 79.4% of the children. Parameters associated significantly with anemia were selenium deficiency (OR 2.80 95% CI 1.63-4.80, p=0.0002) and serum retinol<1.05 micromol/L (OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.10-3.05, p=0.021). Magnesium deficiency (OR 3.09 95% CI 1.36-7.03) was found to be a risk factor for zinc deficiency and vice versa. The results indicate that micronutrient deficiencies are prevalent among preschool children in Vietnam. In addition, the results also demonstrate a strong relationship between selenium deficiency and anemia. Clearly, sustainable strategies are urgently required to overcome the problems in the country. SN - 0964-7058 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18364326/Micronutrient_deficiencies_and_anemia_among_preschool_children_in_rural_Vietnam_ L2 - http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/17/1/48.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -