Close coupling between transcription and exit of mRNP from the cell nucleus.Exp Cell Res. 2008 May 01; 314(8):1708-20.EC
Transcription is intimately coupled to co-transcriptional formation of mRNP particles and their preparation for export. In the dipteran Chironomus tentans we have now investigated whether on-going transcription is closely linked also to the ensuing transfer of the mRNPs from genes to cytoplasm. The assembly and nucleocytoplasmic transport of a specific mRNP particle, the Balbiani ring (BR) RNP granule, were visualized in larval salivary glands by electron microscopy. When transcription was inhibited with DRB or actinomycin D (AMD), the growing BR mRNPs disappeared from the genes. The two inhibitors affected the distribution of BR mRNPs in the nucleoplasm and in the nuclear pores in essentially the same way. At the nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) the basket-associated and translocating mRNPs were substantially reduced in number, the translocating RNPs being essentially absent after 90 min treatment. Remarkably, the amount of BR mRNPs in the nucleoplasm did not change. We conclude that on-going transcription is required for the mRNPs to exit from the cell nucleus. Interruption of transcription seems to primarily affect the intranuclear movement of BR mRNPs and/or prevent the binding of mRNPs to the NPCs rather than to directly interfere with translocation per se.