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Mental health of Somali adolescent refugees: the role of trauma, stress, and perceived discrimination.
J Consult Clin Psychol. 2008 Apr; 76(2):184-93.JC

Abstract

The primary purpose of this study was to examine relations between trauma exposure, post-resettlement stressors, perceived discrimination, and mental health symptoms in Somali adolescent refugees resettled in the U.S. Participants were English-speaking Somali adolescent refugees between the ages of 11 and 20 (N = 135) who had resettled in the U.S. Participants were administered an interview battery comprising self-report instruments that included the UCLA Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Index, the War Trauma Screening Scale, the Every Day Discrimination scale, the Adolescent Post-War Adversities Scale, and the Acculturative Hassles Inventory. Results indicated that cumulative trauma was related to PTSD and depression symptoms. Further, post-resettlement stressors, acculturative stressors, and perceived discrimination were also associated with greater PTSD symptoms after accounting for trauma, demographic, and immigration variables. Number of years since resettlement in the US and perceived discrimination were significantly related to depressive symptoms, after accounting for trauma, demographic, and immigration variables. Further research elucidating the relations between post-resettlement stressors, discrimination, and mental health of refugee adolescents may inform intervention development.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Children's Hospital Boston, MA 02115, USA. heidi.ellis@childrens.harvard.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18377116

Citation

Ellis, B Heidi, et al. "Mental Health of Somali Adolescent Refugees: the Role of Trauma, Stress, and Perceived Discrimination." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 76, no. 2, 2008, pp. 184-93.
Ellis BH, MacDonald HZ, Lincoln AK, et al. Mental health of Somali adolescent refugees: the role of trauma, stress, and perceived discrimination. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2008;76(2):184-93.
Ellis, B. H., MacDonald, H. Z., Lincoln, A. K., & Cabral, H. J. (2008). Mental health of Somali adolescent refugees: the role of trauma, stress, and perceived discrimination. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(2), 184-93. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.76.2.184
Ellis BH, et al. Mental Health of Somali Adolescent Refugees: the Role of Trauma, Stress, and Perceived Discrimination. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2008;76(2):184-93. PubMed PMID: 18377116.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mental health of Somali adolescent refugees: the role of trauma, stress, and perceived discrimination. AU - Ellis,B Heidi, AU - MacDonald,Helen Z, AU - Lincoln,Alisa K, AU - Cabral,Howard J, PY - 2008/4/2/pubmed PY - 2008/6/11/medline PY - 2008/4/2/entrez SP - 184 EP - 93 JF - Journal of consulting and clinical psychology JO - J Consult Clin Psychol VL - 76 IS - 2 N2 - The primary purpose of this study was to examine relations between trauma exposure, post-resettlement stressors, perceived discrimination, and mental health symptoms in Somali adolescent refugees resettled in the U.S. Participants were English-speaking Somali adolescent refugees between the ages of 11 and 20 (N = 135) who had resettled in the U.S. Participants were administered an interview battery comprising self-report instruments that included the UCLA Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Index, the War Trauma Screening Scale, the Every Day Discrimination scale, the Adolescent Post-War Adversities Scale, and the Acculturative Hassles Inventory. Results indicated that cumulative trauma was related to PTSD and depression symptoms. Further, post-resettlement stressors, acculturative stressors, and perceived discrimination were also associated with greater PTSD symptoms after accounting for trauma, demographic, and immigration variables. Number of years since resettlement in the US and perceived discrimination were significantly related to depressive symptoms, after accounting for trauma, demographic, and immigration variables. Further research elucidating the relations between post-resettlement stressors, discrimination, and mental health of refugee adolescents may inform intervention development. SN - 0022-006X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18377116/Mental_health_of_Somali_adolescent_refugees:_the_role_of_trauma_stress_and_perceived_discrimination_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/ccp/76/2/184 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -