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Quality of nutrition of elderly with different degrees of dependency: elderly living in private homes.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM

To be aware of the influencing factors of healthy aging, several cross-sectional surveys have been carried out among the elderly living in Austria to identify health and lifestyle factors as well as socioeconomic influences that contribute to the nutritional situation.

METHODS

Information about the health situation was collected by questionnaires. Diet was assessed by both qualitative food frequency questionnaires and 24-hour recalls. Additionally, nutritional status was examined in blood and urine samples using static and functional parameters.

RESULTS

The prevalence of overweight (21%, BMI >29) and obesity increased with increasing age up to 65 years; in people older than 65 years an inverse tendency could be observed; as from this age upwards a high prevalence of underweight was found (22%, BMI <24). The consumption of meat and meat products was too high compared to the recommendations. By contrast, the intake of high nutrient density foods was insufficient. On average, the fat intake was around 38% of total energy (%E); that of saturated fatty acids amounted to 20%E; the intake of carbohydrate and fiber was considered as being too low. The intake of folate, vitamin D, calcium, iodine, magnesium and vitamin C was assessed as inadequate.

CONCLUSION

More attention has to be paid to certain micronutrients in order to optimize dietary intake and to sustain health.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. katharina.fritz@univie.ac.at

    Source

    Annals of nutrition & metabolism 52 Suppl 1: 2008 pg 47-50

    MeSH

    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Aging
    Austria
    Body Mass Index
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Diet
    Dietary Carbohydrates
    Dietary Fats
    Dietary Fiber
    Female
    Geriatric Assessment
    Humans
    Life Style
    Male
    Micronutrients
    Middle Aged
    Nutrition Assessment
    Nutrition Surveys
    Nutritional Requirements
    Nutritive Value
    Obesity
    Socioeconomic Factors
    Thinness

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    18382079

    Citation

    Fritz, Katharina, and Ibrahim Elmadfa. "Quality of Nutrition of Elderly With Different Degrees of Dependency: Elderly Living in Private Homes." Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, vol. 52 Suppl 1, 2008, pp. 47-50.
    Fritz K, Elmadfa I. Quality of nutrition of elderly with different degrees of dependency: elderly living in private homes. Ann Nutr Metab. 2008;52 Suppl 1:47-50.
    Fritz, K., & Elmadfa, I. (2008). Quality of nutrition of elderly with different degrees of dependency: elderly living in private homes. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, 52 Suppl 1, pp. 47-50. doi:10.1159/000115349.
    Fritz K, Elmadfa I. Quality of Nutrition of Elderly With Different Degrees of Dependency: Elderly Living in Private Homes. Ann Nutr Metab. 2008;52 Suppl 1:47-50. PubMed PMID: 18382079.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Quality of nutrition of elderly with different degrees of dependency: elderly living in private homes. AU - Fritz,Katharina, AU - Elmadfa,Ibrahim, Y1 - 2008/03/07/ PY - 2008/4/18/pubmed PY - 2008/6/18/medline PY - 2008/4/18/entrez SP - 47 EP - 50 JF - Annals of nutrition & metabolism JO - Ann. Nutr. Metab. VL - 52 Suppl 1 N2 - BACKGROUND/AIM: To be aware of the influencing factors of healthy aging, several cross-sectional surveys have been carried out among the elderly living in Austria to identify health and lifestyle factors as well as socioeconomic influences that contribute to the nutritional situation. METHODS: Information about the health situation was collected by questionnaires. Diet was assessed by both qualitative food frequency questionnaires and 24-hour recalls. Additionally, nutritional status was examined in blood and urine samples using static and functional parameters. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight (21%, BMI >29) and obesity increased with increasing age up to 65 years; in people older than 65 years an inverse tendency could be observed; as from this age upwards a high prevalence of underweight was found (22%, BMI <24). The consumption of meat and meat products was too high compared to the recommendations. By contrast, the intake of high nutrient density foods was insufficient. On average, the fat intake was around 38% of total energy (%E); that of saturated fatty acids amounted to 20%E; the intake of carbohydrate and fiber was considered as being too low. The intake of folate, vitamin D, calcium, iodine, magnesium and vitamin C was assessed as inadequate. CONCLUSION: More attention has to be paid to certain micronutrients in order to optimize dietary intake and to sustain health. SN - 1421-9697 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18382079/Quality_of_nutrition_of_elderly_with_different_degrees_of_dependency:_elderly_living_in_private_homes_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000115349 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -