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Nitric oxide is involved in appetitive but not aversive olfactory learning in the land mollusk Limax valentianus.
Learn Mem. 2008 Apr; 15(4):229-32.LM

Abstract

The land slug Limax performs both aversive and appetitive olfactory learning, and we investigated neurotransmitters involved in each type of learning. Slugs were conditioned by presenting a vegetable juice (appetitive conditioning) or a mixture of vegetable juice and quinidine (aversive conditioning), and the latency to reach the juice became shorter (appetitive conditioning) or longer (aversive conditioning) after conditioning. L-NAME injected either before conditioning or testing blocked the reduction in latency in appetitive conditioning but had no significant effects in aversive conditioning. 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine had no significant effects in appetitive conditioning. These results suggest different mechanisms for appetitive and aversive learning.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18385478

Citation

Yabumoto, Taiki, et al. "Nitric Oxide Is Involved in Appetitive but Not Aversive Olfactory Learning in the Land Mollusk Limax Valentianus." Learning & Memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.), vol. 15, no. 4, 2008, pp. 229-32.
Yabumoto T, Takanashi F, Kirino Y, et al. Nitric oxide is involved in appetitive but not aversive olfactory learning in the land mollusk Limax valentianus. Learn Mem. 2008;15(4):229-32.
Yabumoto, T., Takanashi, F., Kirino, Y., & Watanabe, S. (2008). Nitric oxide is involved in appetitive but not aversive olfactory learning in the land mollusk Limax valentianus. Learning & Memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.), 15(4), 229-32. https://doi.org/10.1101/lm.936508
Yabumoto T, et al. Nitric Oxide Is Involved in Appetitive but Not Aversive Olfactory Learning in the Land Mollusk Limax Valentianus. Learn Mem. 2008;15(4):229-32. PubMed PMID: 18385478.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nitric oxide is involved in appetitive but not aversive olfactory learning in the land mollusk Limax valentianus. AU - Yabumoto,Taiki, AU - Takanashi,Fumihito, AU - Kirino,Yutaka, AU - Watanabe,Satoshi, Y1 - 2008/04/02/ PY - 2008/4/4/pubmed PY - 2008/8/7/medline PY - 2008/4/4/entrez SP - 229 EP - 32 JF - Learning & memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.) JO - Learn Mem VL - 15 IS - 4 N2 - The land slug Limax performs both aversive and appetitive olfactory learning, and we investigated neurotransmitters involved in each type of learning. Slugs were conditioned by presenting a vegetable juice (appetitive conditioning) or a mixture of vegetable juice and quinidine (aversive conditioning), and the latency to reach the juice became shorter (appetitive conditioning) or longer (aversive conditioning) after conditioning. L-NAME injected either before conditioning or testing blocked the reduction in latency in appetitive conditioning but had no significant effects in aversive conditioning. 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine had no significant effects in appetitive conditioning. These results suggest different mechanisms for appetitive and aversive learning. SN - 1549-5485 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18385478/Nitric_oxide_is_involved_in_appetitive_but_not_aversive_olfactory_learning_in_the_land_mollusk_Limax_valentianus_ L2 - https://antibodies.cancer.gov/detail/CPTC-SNAI2-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -