Hydrolysis of isoflavone glucosides in soymilk fermented with single or mixed cultures of Lactobacillus paraplantarum KM, Weissella sp. 33, and Enterococcus faecium 35 isolated from humans.J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2008 Mar; 18(3):573-8.JM
Lactobacillus paraplantarum KM (Lp), Weissella sp. 33 (Ws), and Enterococcus faecium 35 (Ef) were used in single (Lp, Ws, Ef) or mixed cultures (Lp+Ws, Lp+Ef, Ws+Ef) for soymilk fermentation (37 degrees C, 12 h). After 12 h, the cell numbers, pH, and TA of soymilk were 7.4x108 -6.0x109 CFU/ ml, 3.8-4.5, and 0.59-0.70%, respectively. Changes in the contents of glycitin and genistin in soymilk fermented with Ef were not significant (p<0.05). The contents of isoflavone glucosides in soymilk fermented with the other cultures decreased significantly with an increase of aglycone contents (p<0.05). It corresponded well with a sharp increase in beta- glucosidase activity during fermentation. About 92-100% of the daidzin and 98-100% of the genistin in soymilk were converted to corresponding aglycones by Lp, Ws, or Lp+Ef within 12 h.