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Trends in overweight and obesity in Chinese adults: between 1991 and 1999-2000.
Obesity (Silver Spring) 2008; 16(6):1448-53O

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to evaluate trends in BMI and the prevalence of overweight (BMI > or = 25 kg/m(2)) and obesity (BMI > or = 30 kg/m(2)) between 1991 and 1999-2000 among Chinese adults.

METHODS AND PROCEDURES

In this study, two population-based samples of Chinese adults aged between 45 and 79 years (n = 7,858 during each period), and comparable in the distributions of age, gender, degree of urbanization, and region (North/South) were used. Height and weight were measured using identical procedures at each period, and BMI was calculated as weight (in kilogram) divided by height (in square meter).

RESULTS

From 1991 to 1999-2000, the mean BMI increased from 21.8 to 23.4 kg/m(2) among men and from 21.8 to 23.5 kg/m(2) among women (each P < 0.001). Among men, the prevalence of overweight and obesity increased from 9.6 and 0.6%, respectively, in 1991 to 20.0 and 3.0%, respectively, in 1999-2000 (each P < 0.001). Among women, the prevalence of overweight and obesity increased from 14.5 and 1.8%, respectively, in 1991 to 26.5 and 5.2%, respectively, in 1999-2000 (each P < 0.001). The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased in all age groups, in rural and urban areas, and in North and South China, with greater relative increases in obesity among older age groups, South China, and rural areas (P interaction < 0.05).

DISCUSSION

Overweight and obesity increased tremendously during the 1990s in China. These data underscore the need for national programs in weight maintenance and reduction, to prevent obesity-related outcomes in China.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA. rwildman@aecom.yu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18388899

Citation

Wildman, Rachel P., et al. "Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Chinese Adults: Between 1991 and 1999-2000." Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), vol. 16, no. 6, 2008, pp. 1448-53.
Wildman RP, Gu D, Muntner P, et al. Trends in overweight and obesity in Chinese adults: between 1991 and 1999-2000. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008;16(6):1448-53.
Wildman, R. P., Gu, D., Muntner, P., Wu, X., Reynolds, K., Duan, X., ... He, J. (2008). Trends in overweight and obesity in Chinese adults: between 1991 and 1999-2000. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 16(6), pp. 1448-53. doi:10.1038/oby.2008.208.
Wildman RP, et al. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Chinese Adults: Between 1991 and 1999-2000. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008;16(6):1448-53. PubMed PMID: 18388899.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trends in overweight and obesity in Chinese adults: between 1991 and 1999-2000. AU - Wildman,Rachel P, AU - Gu,Dongfeng, AU - Muntner,Paul, AU - Wu,Xiqui, AU - Reynolds,Kristi, AU - Duan,Xiufang, AU - Chen,Chung-Shiuan, AU - Huang,Guangyong, AU - Bazzano,Lydia A, AU - He,Jiang, Y1 - 2008/04/03/ PY - 2008/4/5/pubmed PY - 2008/9/9/medline PY - 2008/4/5/entrez SP - 1448 EP - 53 JF - Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) JO - Obesity (Silver Spring) VL - 16 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate trends in BMI and the prevalence of overweight (BMI > or = 25 kg/m(2)) and obesity (BMI > or = 30 kg/m(2)) between 1991 and 1999-2000 among Chinese adults. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In this study, two population-based samples of Chinese adults aged between 45 and 79 years (n = 7,858 during each period), and comparable in the distributions of age, gender, degree of urbanization, and region (North/South) were used. Height and weight were measured using identical procedures at each period, and BMI was calculated as weight (in kilogram) divided by height (in square meter). RESULTS: From 1991 to 1999-2000, the mean BMI increased from 21.8 to 23.4 kg/m(2) among men and from 21.8 to 23.5 kg/m(2) among women (each P < 0.001). Among men, the prevalence of overweight and obesity increased from 9.6 and 0.6%, respectively, in 1991 to 20.0 and 3.0%, respectively, in 1999-2000 (each P < 0.001). Among women, the prevalence of overweight and obesity increased from 14.5 and 1.8%, respectively, in 1991 to 26.5 and 5.2%, respectively, in 1999-2000 (each P < 0.001). The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased in all age groups, in rural and urban areas, and in North and South China, with greater relative increases in obesity among older age groups, South China, and rural areas (P interaction < 0.05). DISCUSSION: Overweight and obesity increased tremendously during the 1990s in China. These data underscore the need for national programs in weight maintenance and reduction, to prevent obesity-related outcomes in China. SN - 1930-7381 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18388899/Trends_in_overweight_and_obesity_in_Chinese_adults:_between_1991_and_1999_2000_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2008.208 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -