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Intake of fruit, vegetables, and fruit juices and risk of diabetes in women.
Diabetes Care. 2008 Jul; 31(7):1311-7.DC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between fruit, vegetable, and fruit juice intake and development of type 2 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS

A total of 71,346 female nurses aged 38-63 years who were free of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes in 1984 were followed for 18 years, and dietary information was collected using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire every 4 years. Diagnosis of diabetes was self-reported.

RESULTS

During follow-up, 4,529 cases of diabetes were documented, and the cumulative incidence of diabetes was 7.4%. An increase of three servings/day in total fruit and vegetable consumption was not associated with development of diabetes (multivariate-adjusted hazard ratio 0.99 [95% CI 0.94-1.05]), whereas the same increase in whole fruit consumption was associated with a lower hazard of diabetes (0.82 [0.72-0.94]). An increase of 1 serving/day in green leafy vegetable consumption was associated with a modestly lower hazard of diabetes (0.91 [0.84-0.98]), whereas the same change in fruit juice intake was associated with an increased hazard of diabetes (1.18 [1.10-1.26]).

CONCLUSIONS

Consumption of green leafy vegetables and fruit was associated with a lower hazard of diabetes, whereas consumption of fruit juices may be associated with an increased hazard among women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. lbazzano@tulane.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18390796

Citation

Bazzano, Lydia A., et al. "Intake of Fruit, Vegetables, and Fruit Juices and Risk of Diabetes in Women." Diabetes Care, vol. 31, no. 7, 2008, pp. 1311-7.
Bazzano LA, Li TY, Joshipura KJ, et al. Intake of fruit, vegetables, and fruit juices and risk of diabetes in women. Diabetes Care. 2008;31(7):1311-7.
Bazzano, L. A., Li, T. Y., Joshipura, K. J., & Hu, F. B. (2008). Intake of fruit, vegetables, and fruit juices and risk of diabetes in women. Diabetes Care, 31(7), 1311-7. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-0080
Bazzano LA, et al. Intake of Fruit, Vegetables, and Fruit Juices and Risk of Diabetes in Women. Diabetes Care. 2008;31(7):1311-7. PubMed PMID: 18390796.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intake of fruit, vegetables, and fruit juices and risk of diabetes in women. AU - Bazzano,Lydia A, AU - Li,Tricia Y, AU - Joshipura,Kamudi J, AU - Hu,Frank B, Y1 - 2008/04/04/ PY - 2008/4/9/pubmed PY - 2008/8/21/medline PY - 2008/4/9/entrez SP - 1311 EP - 7 JF - Diabetes care JO - Diabetes Care VL - 31 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between fruit, vegetable, and fruit juice intake and development of type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 71,346 female nurses aged 38-63 years who were free of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes in 1984 were followed for 18 years, and dietary information was collected using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire every 4 years. Diagnosis of diabetes was self-reported. RESULTS: During follow-up, 4,529 cases of diabetes were documented, and the cumulative incidence of diabetes was 7.4%. An increase of three servings/day in total fruit and vegetable consumption was not associated with development of diabetes (multivariate-adjusted hazard ratio 0.99 [95% CI 0.94-1.05]), whereas the same increase in whole fruit consumption was associated with a lower hazard of diabetes (0.82 [0.72-0.94]). An increase of 1 serving/day in green leafy vegetable consumption was associated with a modestly lower hazard of diabetes (0.91 [0.84-0.98]), whereas the same change in fruit juice intake was associated with an increased hazard of diabetes (1.18 [1.10-1.26]). CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of green leafy vegetables and fruit was associated with a lower hazard of diabetes, whereas consumption of fruit juices may be associated with an increased hazard among women. SN - 1935-5548 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18390796/Intake_of_fruit_vegetables_and_fruit_juices_and_risk_of_diabetes_in_women_ L2 - http://care.diabetesjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=18390796 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -