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Postprandial walking but not consumption of alcoholic digestifs or espresso accelerates gastric emptying in healthy volunteers.
J Gastrointestin Liver Dis. 2008 Mar; 17(1):27-31.JG

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Postprandial consumption of alcoholic beverages with high ethanol concentration (so-called digestifs) is a widespread custom to alleviate dyspeptic symptoms after comprehensive meals. Alcoholic beverages preprandially ingested inhibit gastric emptying rate of solid meals. However, the effect of a postprandial intake has never been studied in a controlled manner.

METHODS

In 10 healthy male subjects gastric emptying was repeatedly studied by ultrasonography after the intake of a 576 kcal meal. Immediately after the meal subjects received in a randomized order 40 ml of the following liquids: brandy, herb flavored liqueur, Williams pear brandy, aquavit (each 40 % (v/v) ethanol concentration), espresso, water, 40% (v/v) ethanol and 70% (w/v) glucose. Postprandial satiety, fullness and bloating were determined on a visual analogue scale every 10 minutes. On another occasion subjects received 40 ml of water and walked afterwards slowly (4 km/h) on a treadmill.

RESULTS

Gastric half emptying time (t 1/2) of the meal with water was 123 +/- 5 min, while with brandy (119 +/- 9 min), herb flavored liqueur (123 +/- 10 min), aquavit (125 +/- 9 min), Williams pear brandy (126 +/- 6 min) or espresso (125 +/- 9 min) t(1/2) it was not significantly different. Postprandial walking accelerated t(1/2) significantly (107 +/- 5 min, p=0.02). Dyspeptic symptoms were unchanged. Blood ethanol concentrations were under the level of detection (< 5 mg/dl).

CONCLUSIONS

Postprandial consumption of alcoholic digestifs did not affect gastric emptying rate of a solid meal nor postprandial dyspeptic complaints. However, postprandial walking accelerated gastric emptying of the meal but this had no effect on dyspeptic symptoms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine II (Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious Diseases), University Hospital of Heidelberg at Mannheim, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3 D-68167 Mannheim, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18392240

Citation

Franke, Andreas, et al. "Postprandial Walking but Not Consumption of Alcoholic Digestifs or Espresso Accelerates Gastric Emptying in Healthy Volunteers." Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases : JGLD, vol. 17, no. 1, 2008, pp. 27-31.
Franke A, Harder H, Orth AK, et al. Postprandial walking but not consumption of alcoholic digestifs or espresso accelerates gastric emptying in healthy volunteers. J Gastrointestin Liver Dis. 2008;17(1):27-31.
Franke, A., Harder, H., Orth, A. K., Zitzmann, S., & Singer, M. V. (2008). Postprandial walking but not consumption of alcoholic digestifs or espresso accelerates gastric emptying in healthy volunteers. Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases : JGLD, 17(1), 27-31.
Franke A, et al. Postprandial Walking but Not Consumption of Alcoholic Digestifs or Espresso Accelerates Gastric Emptying in Healthy Volunteers. J Gastrointestin Liver Dis. 2008;17(1):27-31. PubMed PMID: 18392240.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Postprandial walking but not consumption of alcoholic digestifs or espresso accelerates gastric emptying in healthy volunteers. AU - Franke,Andreas, AU - Harder,Hermann, AU - Orth,Anna K, AU - Zitzmann,Sabine, AU - Singer,Manfred V, PY - 2008/4/9/pubmed PY - 2008/9/26/medline PY - 2008/4/9/entrez SP - 27 EP - 31 JF - Journal of gastrointestinal and liver diseases : JGLD JO - J Gastrointestin Liver Dis VL - 17 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Postprandial consumption of alcoholic beverages with high ethanol concentration (so-called digestifs) is a widespread custom to alleviate dyspeptic symptoms after comprehensive meals. Alcoholic beverages preprandially ingested inhibit gastric emptying rate of solid meals. However, the effect of a postprandial intake has never been studied in a controlled manner. METHODS: In 10 healthy male subjects gastric emptying was repeatedly studied by ultrasonography after the intake of a 576 kcal meal. Immediately after the meal subjects received in a randomized order 40 ml of the following liquids: brandy, herb flavored liqueur, Williams pear brandy, aquavit (each 40 % (v/v) ethanol concentration), espresso, water, 40% (v/v) ethanol and 70% (w/v) glucose. Postprandial satiety, fullness and bloating were determined on a visual analogue scale every 10 minutes. On another occasion subjects received 40 ml of water and walked afterwards slowly (4 km/h) on a treadmill. RESULTS: Gastric half emptying time (t 1/2) of the meal with water was 123 +/- 5 min, while with brandy (119 +/- 9 min), herb flavored liqueur (123 +/- 10 min), aquavit (125 +/- 9 min), Williams pear brandy (126 +/- 6 min) or espresso (125 +/- 9 min) t(1/2) it was not significantly different. Postprandial walking accelerated t(1/2) significantly (107 +/- 5 min, p=0.02). Dyspeptic symptoms were unchanged. Blood ethanol concentrations were under the level of detection (< 5 mg/dl). CONCLUSIONS: Postprandial consumption of alcoholic digestifs did not affect gastric emptying rate of a solid meal nor postprandial dyspeptic complaints. However, postprandial walking accelerated gastric emptying of the meal but this had no effect on dyspeptic symptoms. SN - 1841-8724 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18392240/Postprandial_walking_but_not_consumption_of_alcoholic_digestifs_or_espresso_accelerates_gastric_emptying_in_healthy_volunteers_ L2 - https://www.jgld.ro/jgld/index.php/jgld/article/view/2008.1.4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -