[Blockade of the aberrant aggregation of alpha-synuclein in HEK293 cells induced by overexpression of wild-type alpha-synuclein by RNA interference].Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi. 2008 Apr; 25(2):128-31.ZY
To construct specific and effective RNA interference(RNAi) plasmid for alpha-synuclein gene and investigate RNAi blockade of the aberrant aggregation of alpha-synuclein in HEK293 cells induced by overexpression of wild-type alpha-synuclein.
Hairpin RNAs for four target sites were designed to construct four RNAi plasmids pSYNi-1, pSYNi-2, pSYNi-3 and pSYNi-4, using plasmid pBSHH1 vector under the control of the H1 promoter. Western blot and reverse transcription-PCR(RT-PCR) were performed to screen the most specific and effective RNAi plasmid. After confirming the sequences of the plasmids, they were co-transfected into HEK293 cells with the recombinant plasmids alpha-synuclein-pEGFP by using lipofectamin 2000. The aberrant aggregation of alpha-synuclein was measured by EGFP fluorescence and immunocytochemistry for alpha-synuclein. The inclusions in the cultured cells were identified with HE staining.
By Western blot and RT-PCR, pSYNi-1 showed the most effective RNAi gene silencing effect (69.6%). After transfecting the RNAi plasmid, the aberrant aggregation of alpha-synuclein in HEK293 cells induced by overexpression of wild-type alpha-synuclein was inhibited. The Lewy body-like inclusions were found in cytoplasm of cultured cells in control group, but disappeared in HEK293 cells cotransfected by pSYNi-1 and alpha-synuclein-pEGFP plasmid.
RNAi can block the aberrant aggregation and Lewy body-like inclusion formation in cytoplasm of HEK293 cell induced by overexpression of wild-type alpha-synuclein.