Analysis of alkaloids in Coptis chinensis Franch by accelerated solvent extraction combined with ultra performance liquid chromatographic analysis with photodiode array and tandem mass spectrometry detections.Anal Chim Acta. 2008 Apr 21; 613(2):184-95.AC
A new method based on accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) followed by ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) analysis has been developed for the identification and quantification of major alkaloids in extracts of Coptis chinensis Franch. The UPLC system consisted of a dual detection system of photodiode array detector (PDA) and positive ion electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) in sequential configuration. The operational parameters of ASE including extraction solvent, extraction temperature, static extraction time and extraction cycles were optimized. UPLC analysis was performed on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C(18) column eluted by a mobile phase of acetonitrile spiked with a buffer solution consisting of 0.50% acetic acid and 20 mmol L(-1) ammonium acetate. A tandem quadrupole spectrometer operating in either full scan mode or in MS/MS mode for multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) was used for the identification and quantitative analysis of eight major alkaloids in C. chinensis Franch extracts. The samples were also analyzed on a high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-TOF-MS) system to confirm the identification results. Three of the eight major alkaloids, berberine, palmatine and jatrorrhizine were quantified by UPLC-PDA and UPLC-MS/MS. The results indicated that both UPLC-PDA and UPLC-MS/MS methods were simple, sensitive and reliable for the determination of alkaloids in C. chinensis Franch. Seven Huanglian samples from different locations were analyzed using the established methods. UPLC fingerprints based on the distribution of the eight major alkaloids can serve as a rapid and reliable method for the authentication and quality evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) herbs.