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Allergy testing and referral in children.
Aust Fam Physician 2008; 37(4):210-3AF

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Allergic diseases (asthma, atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis and food allergy) are the commonest chronic diseases of childhood. General practitioners commonly encounter children with allergic diseases and need to be aware of when referral to a paediatric allergist should be considered. An understanding of what diagnostic tests the allergist may use in confirming the diagnosis is also necessary.

OBJECTIVE

This article discusses the criteria for referral to a specialist paediatric allergist and also details the tests that may be used by the allergist as part of the diagnostic work up.

DISCUSSION

Management of allergic diseases requires accurate diagnosis and avoidance of offending allergens where possible. The diagnosis of an IgE mediated allergy requires both a history of symptoms on exposure to the allergen and detection of allergen specific IgE. The most commonly employed diagnostic methods in clinical allergy assessment are skin prick testing, RAST and clinical oral food challenge procedures. The use of alternative or unorthodox tests may provide misleading results and delay correct diagnosis and therefore should not be used.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Immunology and Allergy Fellow, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria. marnie.robinson@rch.org.auNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18398515

Citation

Robinson, Marnie, and Joanne Smart. "Allergy Testing and Referral in Children." Australian Family Physician, vol. 37, no. 4, 2008, pp. 210-3.
Robinson M, Smart J. Allergy testing and referral in children. Aust Fam Physician. 2008;37(4):210-3.
Robinson, M., & Smart, J. (2008). Allergy testing and referral in children. Australian Family Physician, 37(4), pp. 210-3.
Robinson M, Smart J. Allergy Testing and Referral in Children. Aust Fam Physician. 2008;37(4):210-3. PubMed PMID: 18398515.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Allergy testing and referral in children. AU - Robinson,Marnie, AU - Smart,Joanne, PY - 2008/4/10/pubmed PY - 2008/7/3/medline PY - 2008/4/10/entrez SP - 210 EP - 3 JF - Australian family physician JO - Aust Fam Physician VL - 37 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Allergic diseases (asthma, atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis and food allergy) are the commonest chronic diseases of childhood. General practitioners commonly encounter children with allergic diseases and need to be aware of when referral to a paediatric allergist should be considered. An understanding of what diagnostic tests the allergist may use in confirming the diagnosis is also necessary. OBJECTIVE: This article discusses the criteria for referral to a specialist paediatric allergist and also details the tests that may be used by the allergist as part of the diagnostic work up. DISCUSSION: Management of allergic diseases requires accurate diagnosis and avoidance of offending allergens where possible. The diagnosis of an IgE mediated allergy requires both a history of symptoms on exposure to the allergen and detection of allergen specific IgE. The most commonly employed diagnostic methods in clinical allergy assessment are skin prick testing, RAST and clinical oral food challenge procedures. The use of alternative or unorthodox tests may provide misleading results and delay correct diagnosis and therefore should not be used. SN - 0300-8495 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18398515/Allergy_testing_and_referral_in_children_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/allergy.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -